Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108
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The United Nations' Security Council unanimously adopted on February 5, 2003, Resolution 1464, which fully endorses Marcoussis Agreement. The Resolution literally places Ivory Coast under the tutelage of the international Community in order to put an end to the political crisis that started on September 19, 2002. Click here for more

The Marcoussis Agreement was signed at Marcoussis, France, on January 24, 2003, by main Ivorian political parties and rebels groups.

The Agreement was also the working document of the conference convened by France's Jacques Chirac, at Paris, January 25-26, to support the Agreement / The Conference. Several African heads of states, the Secretary General of United Nations, Kofi Annan, the African Union's president - Mbeki of South Africa, and a score of international aid and economic development organizations and personalities attended Paris' conference to witness the acceptance of the Marcoussis Agreement by Ivory Coast's president Laurent Gbagbo. Click here for more.

The reluctance of President Gbagbo and his activists to accept the Agreement is the main reason behind the adoption of Resolution 1464

The working program of the reconcilement (transitional) government established by the Marcoussis Agreement is available here.

Structure of The Transitional Government / Reasons Behind The Collapse /
There Is No Poor African Country
/ Comments On The Marcoussis Agreement /
Reconcilement Government's Working Program

The Security Council,

"Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of Cote d'Ivoire,

"Recalling the importance of the principles of good-neighbourliness, non-interference and regional cooperation,

"Recalling the decision taken by the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) Summit held in Accra on 29 September 2002 to deploy a peacekeeping force in Cote d'Ivoire,

"Further recalling its full support for the efforts of Ecowas to promote a peaceful settlement of the conflict, and also appreciating the efforts of the African Union to reach a settlement,

Threat to the region

"Welcoming the convening, at the invitation of France, of the Round Table of Ivorian political forces, held in Linas-Marcoussis from 15 to 23 January 2003, and the Conference of Heads of State on Cote d'Ivoire, held in Paris on 25 and 26 January 2003,

"Welcoming the communiqué issued on 31 January 2003 following the 26th regular Summit of the Heads of State and Government of Ecowas held in Dakar as well as the communiqué issued on 3 February 2003 following the seventh ordinary session of the Central Organ of the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution at Heads of State and Government Level,

"Noting the existence of challenges to the stability of Côte d'Ivoire and determining that the situation in Côte d'Ivoire constitutes a threat to international peace and security in the region,

  • "1. Endorses the agreement signed by the Ivorian political forces in Linas-Marcoussis on 24 January 2003 (S/2003/99) ("the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement") and adopted by the Conference of Heads of State and calls on all Ivorian political forces to implement it fully and without delay;

  • "2. Notes the provisions in the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement for the formation of a government of national reconciliation and calls on all Ivorian political forces to work with the President and the Prime minister towards the establishment of a balanced and stable government;

  • "3. Also notes the provisions in the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement providing for the establishment of a Monitoring Committee, calls on all the members of that committee to monitor closely compliance with the terms of the Agreement and urges all parties to cooperate fully with the committee;

  • "4. Expresses its gratitude to the Secretary-General for the vital role he has played in the smooth conduct of these meetings and encourages him to continue to contribute to a final settlement of the Ivorian crisis;

  • "5. Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Council at the earliest possible date recommendations on how the United Nations could support fully the implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement, in accordance with the request by the Round Table of Ivorian political forces and by the Conference of Heads of State on Côte d'Ivoire, and declares its readiness to take appropriate measures on the basis of these recommendations;

  • "6. Welcomes the Secretary-General's intention to appoint a Special Representative for Côte d'Ivoire, based in Abidjan, and requests him to do so as soon as possible;

  • "7. Condemns violations of human rights and international humanitarian law that have taken place in Côte d'Ivoire since 19 September 2002 and stresses the need to bring to justice those responsible and urges all parties, including the Government, to take all necessary steps to prevent further violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, in particular against civilians regardless of their origin;

  • "8. Welcomes the deployment of Ecowas forces and French troops with a view to contributing to a peaceful solution of the crisis and, in particular, to the implementation of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement;

  • "9. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, and in accordance with the proposal contained in paragraph 14 of the conclusions of the conference of Heads of State on Côte d'Ivoire, authorizes Member States participating in the Ecowas forces in accordance with Chapter VIII together with the French forces supporting them to take the necessary steps to guarantee the security and freedom of movement of their personnel and to ensure, without prejudice to the responsibilities of the Government of National Reconciliation, the protection of civilians immediately threatened with physical violence within their zones of operation, using the means available to them, for a period of six months after which the Council will assess the situation on the basis of the reports referred to in paragraph 10 below and decide whether to renew this authorization;

  • "10. Requests Ecowas, through the command of its force, and France to report to the Council periodically, through the Secretary-General, on all aspects of the implementation of their respective mandates;

  • "11. Calls upon all States neighbouring Côte d'Ivoire to support the peace process by preventing any action that might undermine the security and territorial integrity of Côte d'Ivoire, particularly the movement of armed groups and mercenaries across their borders and illicit trafficking and proliferation of arms in the region, including small arms and light weapons;

  • "12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter."

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