COUNTRIES BRIEFS Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108

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The territory of Tanganyika united with Zanzibar on April 26, 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; which was renamed United Republic of Tanzania on October 29,1964

The United Republic of Tanzania is located in the East-Africa region alongside the Indian Ocean; with a total coastline of: 1,424 km.

It has a total area of: 945,090 sq. km land: 886,040 sq. km (including the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar) water: 59,050 sq. km

The bordering countries are: Mozambique on the South (over 756 km); Malawi (over 475 km ) and Zambia (over 338 km) on the Southwest; the Democratic Republic of Congo on the west ( alongside the Lake Tanganyika); Burundi (over 451 km), Uganda (over 396 km) and Rwanda (over 217 km) in the Northwest and Kenya (over 769 km) in the North.

National holiday:
April 26, 1964.

31,270,820 (July 1999); 35,922,454 (July 2003 est.). Population growth rate: 2.14% (1999); 1.72% (2003 est.)

Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.

Tanzania's economy is based on agriculture, which accounts for nearly 50% of GNP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force.

Agriculture productions:
coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava, tapioca, bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats.

Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land.The climate of Tanzania varies dramatically as it has both the highest and the lowest points on the continent.

Industrial productions - originating from agricultural products processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine, diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt) accounts for 15% of GNP and is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods; with a very low growth rate in the range of 0.4%-1% annum throughout the early years of the last decade of past century.

The new free enterprise economy reform engineered by President Benjamin Mpaka, boosted industrial production rate to highest level (4.6% in 1999 over 1998 figures; and a estimation of 8% growth in 2000 over 1999 figures).

Indeed, since mid 1990's, the consensus is quite complete among Tanzanian policy makers to depart from the state-controlled economy' strategy implemented for three decades - since the independence - with no improvement for the developing of the country - to say the least.

The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. There is even a song - composed by Captain John Komba and often played on the national television, which depicts how the sale of national companies is a good thing for the global economic development of the country. Click here for business opportunities available thanks to the privatization policy now vigorously sponsored by the government.

Now in place is a regulatory framework that put emphasis on privatization; establishment of a stock exchange, an open market, removal of exchange controls, free repatriation of earned income, profits and dividends and reliance on market forces in allocating resources. Banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Click here for an update on the privatization process.

There are plenty of investment opportunities in agribusiness sector (fertilizer production, soils preparation techniques, irrigation system setup, crops storage systems as buffers against famine Etc.). The mining sector is also promising to tape into the natural resources of the country (tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel). Infrastructure establishment: dams, hydropower, natural gas. Tourism promotion is also another good business opportunity: hotel construction, safaris circuit organization. Etc.

Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising. This multi-million dollar project in southern Tanzania is designed to extract natural gas from the Songosongo area and transport it 345 kilometers, via pipeline, to Dar es Salaam, to be converted to electricity.

The consumer base exists - more than 35 millions people. Tanzania is a destination for investors who want to take advantage of quite a virgin territory where double digit return on vested money is possible for well planned ventures.


1- Kilimanjaro
To The Roof of Africa by Audrey Salkeld
2- Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro
By Stephan Carmichael
3- Serengeti
Natural Order On African Plain
by Mitsuaki Iwago
4- The Volunteer
by Carter Coleman
5- Birds
Of Northern Tanzania And Kenya
by Dale A. Zimmerman
6- Purity And Exile
Violence, Memory And National Cosmology / Among The Hutu Refugees In Tanzania
by Liisa H. Malkki
7- A Plague of Paradoxes
AIDS, Culture And Demography In Northern Tanzania / by Philip Setel
8- Managing Motherhood Risk
Fertility And Danger In West Central Tanzania / by Denise Roth Allen
9- Serengeti Lion
A Study of Predator-Pray Relations
by George B. Schaller
10- The Leopard Son
A True Story by jacquekine A. Ball
11- Voices of The Poor
Poverty And Social Capital In Tanzania
by Deepa Narayan-Parker
12- Performing The Nation
Swali Music And Cultural Politics In Tanzania / by Kelli Michelle Askew
13- The Serengeti's Great Migration
by Carlo Mari
14- African Dinausaurs Unearthed
The Tendaguru Expeditions by Gerhard Maier
15- Gender, Family And Work
by Collin Creighton
16- Country Profile
by The BBC
17- More News On Tanzania
by Yahoo!

Click to contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum



US$ 8.92 billion (2000); 9.41 (2001); 9.88 (2002 ); 10.39 (2003)
GNP-growth rate: 5.2% (2000); 5% (2001); 5.2% (2002); 5% (2003)
GNP-per capita: US$ 287 (2000); US$ 289 (2003)

Click here for the difference between
GNP and Parity Purchasing Power

GNP-composition by sector

  1. agriculture: 48.1%

  2. industry: 15.4%
  3. services: 36.5%

Exports: US$ 937 million (f.o.b., 2000); 898 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Commodities: coffee, manufactured goods, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco, sisal
Exports - partners: India 15.2%, Japan 12.4%, Netherlands 9.2%, UK 6.8%, Belgium 6.5%, Kenya 5.9%, Germany 4.8% (2002)

Imports: US$ 1.57 billion (f.o.b., 2000); 1.73 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Commodities: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil.
Imports - partners: South Africa 12.7%, China 7.9%, Kenya 6.6%, India 6.3%, UK 6%, Japan 4.5%, US 4%, Australia 4% (2002)




A valid passport for 3 months beyond sojourn duration and a visa are required for most nationalities. Tickets and documents for return or onward travel might be requested. An International Vaccination for yellow fever is required if arriving from infected areas within 5 days. For more contact one of the following addresses:

Tanzania Tourist Board
PO Box 2485,
Dar es Salaam
Tel: +(255) 51 111244
+(255) 51 136105
Fax: +(255) 51 116420

Website: Click here

Embassy of the Republic of Tanzania

50 Range Road,
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 8J4
Tel: +(1) 613 2321500
Fax: +(1) 613 2325184

Embassy of the Republic of Tanzania

2139 R Street NW,
Washington, DC 20008
Tel: +(1) 202 9396125
Fax: +(1) 202 7977408
Embassy of the Republic of Tanzania

43 Hertford Street,
London, W1Y 8DB
Tel: +(44) 171 4998951
Fax: +(44) 171 4919321


Tanzania is well connected to its Southern African neighbors through daily or weekly schedules of their national carriers; and to the Middle East and Europe through international air carriers: Lufthansa, Swissair, AirFrance, South African Airways etc...

Its waterways: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa permit transshipment of goods and commodities particularly crude oil through a pipeline of 982 km length.

Its main Ports and harbors are: Bukoba, Dar es Salaam, Kigoma, Kilwa Masoko, Lindi, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pangani, Tanga, Wete.

Zanzibar Merchant marine has: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,618 GRT/26,321 DWT ships by type: cargo 2, oil tanker 2, passenger-cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1 (1998)


Tanzanian Trade Center
80 Borough High Street,
London SE1 1LL
Tel: +(255) 171 4070566
Fax: +(255) 171 4032003
Tanzania Investment Center
P.O Box 938
Dar es Salaam Tanzania
Tel: +(255) 51 116328-32, 113365
Fax: +(255) 51 118253

Confederation of Tanzania Industries (CTI)
10th Floor NIC Building,
P. O. Box 71783
Dar es Salaam
Tel: +(255) 51 114954
Fax: +(255) 51 23802

Telex: 41587
Click here to review funding available to rebuild power generation system
Tanzania National Parks
P.O.Box. 3134
Tel: +(255) 27 250 1930/ 31
Fax: +(255) 27 254 8216

Website: Click here

Ngorongo Conservation
Area Authority

P.O.Box 1
Ngorongo Crater
Tel: +(255) 27 254 4619
Fax: +(255) 27 250 3339

Email: Click here

Tanzania Tourist Board
PO Box 2485,
Dar es Salaam
Tel: +(255) 51 111244
+(255) 51 136105
Fax: +(255) 51 116420

Website: Click here
Novotel Mount Meru
Tel: +(255) 572711
Fax: +(255) 578503

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