COUNTRIES BRIEFS
Businessafrica.net Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108
Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES
INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS PLANNERS

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Swaziland's government website - THE KINGDOM OF SWAZILAND - BRIEFS

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PRESENTATION

The Kingdom of Swaziland (one of the oldest monarchy on the continent) is located in Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

Total area: 17,363 sq. km (land: 17,203 sq. km water: 160 sq. km)

Background: Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured the monarchy to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy -

Constitution:
none; constitution of 6 September 1968 was suspended 12 April 1973; a new constitution was promulgated 13 October 1978, but was not formally presented to the people .

Bordering countries: Mozambique over 105 km, South Africa over 430 km

Population: 1,083,289 (2000);1,161,219 (July 2003 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.02% (2000); 0.83% (2003 est.)

Capital: Mbabane

Independence from UK September 6, 1968
National holiday: Somhlolo Independence Day: September 6

Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc (limited supplies of potable water)

Agriculture productions: sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep

Industrial productions: mining (coal and asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates.

Swaziland is a landlocked country, which economy is closely linked to South-Africa: four-fifths of its imports and three-fourths of its exports. Remittances from Swazi workers in South Africa's mines supplement domestically earned income by as much as 20%. It imports about 60% of its electricity from South Africa.

Eighty percent of the populations earn its living from agriculture. But currently the agriculture is a subsistence one.

Swaziland needs an integrated strategic rural development scheme:

1- To ripe to the full the potential of the country' s agriculture
2- To increase agriculture's contribution to the national GDP
3- To establish a strong agribusiness sector
.

The development of a powerful agribusiness sector will counterbalance the decline of mining industry due either to international factors (health concern for asbestos usage in construction) or just to the depletion of existing mines (iron ore)

Systematic industrial transformation of agriculture raw materials to produce more added value consumers goods will highly contribute to the increasing of the industry sector output / export to neighboring countries: South Africa and Mozambique.

The government is trying to improve the legal framework for foreign investment. Year 2001 had seen the start of the millennium projects for a new convention center, additional hotels, an amusement park, a new airport, and stepped-up road building and factory construction plans. In year 2002, Swaziland had been listed for the benefit of the US African Growth and Opportunity Act initiative - AGOA .

However, the future of Swaziland may be socially clouded and therefore economically hampered by the high rate of HIV /AIDS infestation plaguing the population. According to a report released May 19, 2004 life expectancy will drop to 40 years in 2010. The population growth rate has already declined from 2.02% (2000) to 0.83% (2003 est.)

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MORE ON SWAZILAND

1- D&B Export Guide To Swaziland
Digital Delivery In PDF by D&B
2- Country Review by Robert C. Kelly
3- Swaziland
Contemporary Social And Economic issues / by Peter C. Foster
4- Swaziland Business Law
Digital Delivery In PDF
5- The Kingdom of Swaziland
Studies In Political History
by D. hugh Gillis
6- Studies In The Economic History
Of Southern Africa - South Africa, Lesotho And Swaziland by Zbignew Konczacki
7- The Politics of Harmony
Land Dispute Strategies In Swaziland
by Laurel L. Rose
8- Historical Dictionary of Swaziland
by Allan B. Booth
9- The King's Eye
by J.S.M. Matsebula
10- Sobhuza II, Ngwenyama
And The King of Swaziland
The Story of An Hereditary Ruler And Its Country / by Hilda Kuper
11- More News On Swaziland
by Yahoo

Click to contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

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SOME FIGURES


GNP: :
US$ 1.36 billion (2000); 1.4 billion (2001); 1.44 billion (2002); 1.458 (2003)
GNP- growth rate: 3.1% (1999) 2.4% (2000); 2.5% (2001); 1.6% (2002); 2.5% (2003)
GNP-per capita: US$ 1,236 (2000) US$ 1,256 (2003)

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GNP and Parity Purchasing Power

GNP-composition by sector

  1. agriculture: 17%

  2. industry: 44%
  3. services: 39%

Exports: US$ 881 million (2000); 820 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Commodities: commodities: soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Exports - partners: South Africa 72%, EU 14.2%, Mozambique 3.7%, US 3.5%, UK (2002)


Imports: US$ 928 million (2000); 938 million f.o.b. (2002)
Commodities: motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Imports - partners: South Africa 88.8%, EU 5.6%, Japan 0.6%, Singapore 0.4%


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ENTRY POLICY / HEALTH POLICY


A passport, valid for at least 6 months after intended period of stay is necessary for all visitors. Visas are not generally required for tourists and businessmen traveling to Swaziland for short visits (less than 90 days) on standard U.S. passports.

Contact the nearest Embassy / consulate or diplomatic representation of the Kingdom of Swaziland for the latest information.

Canada
High Commission Kingdom of Swaziland

130 Albert Street, Suite 1204,
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5G4
Tel: +(1) 613 5671480
Fax: +(1) 613 5671058
E-mail: Click here
USA
Embassy Kingdom of Swaziland

3400 International Drive, Suite M3, NW, Washington, DC 20008
Tel: +(1) 202 362 6683
Fax: +(1) 202 2448059
England
Kingdom of Swaziland High Commission

20 Buckingham Gate
London SW1E 6LB
Tel: +(44) 171 6306611
Fax: +(44) 171 6306564
Ministry of Broadcasting, Information and Tourism
PO Box 338, Mbabane
Swaziland
Tel: +(268) 40 42761
Fax: +(268) 40 46953.

AIR-LINKING / TRANSSHIPPING

South Africa Airways had daily connections from South Africa's cities to Mbabane the Capital-City.

INVESTOR CONTACTS
Chamber of Commerce
Emafini Business Centre
Malagwane Hill
Mbabane
Tel: +(268) 40 44408
Fax: +(268) 40 45442
E-mail: Click here
Website URL: Click here
Swaziland Industrial Development
Co
P.O. Box 866
Mbabane H100
Swaziland
Tel:: +(268) 40 43391
Fax: +(268) 40 45619
ACCOMMODATION


There are few good hotels in Swaziland equipped and services on international standards, especially in and around Mbabane. It is recommended to book well in advance. In addition there are also some game parks with basic accommodation, campsites and smaller motels throughout the country.

For more information on accommodation in Swaziland, contact the Hotel and Tourism Association of Swaziland below listed

Matenga Hotel
PO Box 68
Ezulwini
Swaziland
Tel: (+268) 416 1049 or 416 2168
Fax: (+268) 416 2516
Email: Click here
Esiyabayeni Lodge & Conference Centre
P.O.Box 1451
Manzini
Swaziland
Tel: +(268) 60 51650
Fax: +(268) 50 56861
E-mail: Click here
Hotel and Tourism Association of Swaziland
Oribi Court
Allister Miller Street
Mbabane.
Swaziland
Tel: +(268) 40 42218
Fax: +(268) 40 44516.
Mountain Inn Hotel
P.O. Box 223
Mbabane H100
Swaziland
Tel: +(268) 40 42781
Fax: +(268) 40 45393

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