COUNTRIES BRIEFS Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108

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Office of the president of Kenya - THE REPUBLIC OF KENYA - BRIEFS

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The Republic of Kenya is located in Eastern Africa region. It expands over a total area of 582,650 sq km (land: 569,250 sq km; water: 13,400 sq km).

The country has a coastline with the Indian ocean over 536 km in the South-East.

Its bordering neighbors are: in the North; Ethiopia over 830 km; in the East: Somalia over 682 km; in the North-West: Sudan over 232 km; in the South: Tanzania over 769 km; in the West: Uganda over 933 km.

It population numbers: 28,808,658 (July 1999); 31,639,091(July 2003 est.). Growth rate of: 1.59% (1999); 1.27% (2003 est.).

Independence from United Kingdom: December 12, 1963
National holiday: December 12

Natural resources: gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife.

Agriculture production: coffee, tea, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs.

Industry production: small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism. Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (1998)


End of December 2007, violence erupted after the presidential ballot's electoral commission proclaimed the victory of Mwai Kibaki, the incumbent president against his rival chief of the opposition, Raila Odinga (a member of the Luo tribe).

The opposition, backed by the majority of other tribes population is was adamant the election had been rigged to keep Kibaki in power.

Kibaki became president on December 2002, His election stirred up huge hope for changes. He promised to fight against corruption and further develop the economy to benefit the populations. Five years later, the promises were not fulfilled, and his attempt to hang on power was perceived by other tribes as a provocation, which led to ethnic violence never seen before in Kenya. Hundred of people had been killed and thousand and thousand Kikuyus are fleeing the west of the country in cars, buses and lorries heading toward the hinterland,

Indeed, Kenya has more than 40 tribes, but the Kikuyus have almost always been on top. They run shops, restaurants, banks and factories across the country. And most of the top officials and big guns in the state machine and in the government — including the ministers of defense, justice, finance and internal security — are Kikuyus.

Raila Odinga, the opposition leader had built his campaign on a promise to end Kikuyu favoritism and share the fruits of Kenya’s growing economy with all tribes.

Current political and social stand off between Kibaki followers and the opposition, might lead Kenya into persistent political instability and chaos; to joining the league of its neighbors, like Congo, Rwanda, Somalia and Sudan (click here for countries briefs) .that have experienced persistent political destabilization.

This just because successive Kenya rulers, since the independence in 1961, members of the Kikuyu tribe, failed to "engage" and promote kenyans from other tribes to participate into the nation building process, and benefit from the economic progress.

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1- D&B Export Guide to Kenya
Digital Delivery in PDF by D&B
2- The Sacred Void
Spatial Images Work and Ritual Among The Giriama of Kenya by David Parkin
3- Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania
by Dale A. Zimmerman
4- Health, State and Society in Kenya
by George O. Ndege
5- Guide To Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro
by Iain Allen
6- Turkana
Kenya Nomads of The Jade Sea
by Nigel Pavid
7 Elephant Memories
Thirteen Years In the Life of An Elephant Family by Cynthia Moss
8- From Mount Kenya to the Cap
10 Years of African Hunting
by Craig Boddington
9- Maasai
by Tepilit Ole Saitoti
10- More News On Kenya
by Yahoo! Update

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Click to contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum



US$ 32.75 billion (2000); 32.89 billion (2002) 33.25 billion (2003)
GNP-real growth rate: 0.4% (2000); 1.1% (2002)
GNP-per capita: US$ 1,129 (2000); 1,052 (2003)

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GNP and Parity Purchasing.

GNP-composition by sector

  1. agriculture: 25%

  2. industry: 13%
  3. services: 62%

Exports: US$ 1.7billion (f.o.b., 2000) 2.1 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Commodities: tea 18%, coffee 15%, petroleum products, horticultural products, fish, cement
Exports - partners: Uganda 18.3%, UK 12.9%, US 8%, Netherlands 7.6%, Pakistan 4.9%, Tanzania 4.4%, Egypt 4.1% (2002)

Imports: US$ 3 billion (f.o.b., 2000); 3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Commodities: Machinery and transportation equipment 31%, consumer goods 13%, petroleum products 13%
Imports - partners: UAE 12%, Saudi Arabia 8.7%, US 8.1%, UK 7.1%, South Africa 7.1%, France 5.8%, China 5.5%, Japan 5%, India 4.8% (2002)



A passport - valid six months beyond sojourn duration - and a visa are required for most nationalities as well as tickets and/or documents for return or onward travel. It is preferable to obtain visas in advance (contact one of the addresses below listed for more information).

Visa may be delivered at arrival at airport (although some delay might be expected for this service).

Proof of yellow fever immunization may be requested. Airport departure tax (US$20 in hard currency) is payable upon departure from Kenya airports.

Embassy of the Republic of Kenya
2249 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Tel: +(1) 202 3876101
Fax: +(1) 202 4623829

Kenya National Tourist Office
25 Brook's Mews, (Davies Street), Mayfair, London W1Y 1LF, England
Tel: +(44) 171 3553144
Fax: +(44) 171 4958656

Embassy of the Republic of Kenya
45 Portland Place, London, W1N 4AS
Tel: +(44) 171 6362371
Fax: +(44) 171 3236717

Consulate and Tourism office of the Republic of Kenya
424 MadIson Avenue, Suite 1401, New York, NY 10017
Tel: +(1) 212 4861300
Fax: +(1) 212 6880911


Kenya being one of the top ranked world tourism destination, air connection to Nairobi is easy and serviced by all the big players in the air transport industry


Ministry of Finance and Planning
Treasury Building, Harambee Avenue
P.O. Box 30007, Nairobi
Tel: +(254) 2 338111
Telegrams: "FINANCE"

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
Old Treasury Building, Harambee Avenue
P.O. Box 30551, Nairobi
Tel: +(254) 2 334433
Telegrams: "FOREIGN"

Embassy of Kenya
2249 R. Street, NW, Washington DC 20008
Tel: +(1) 202 387-6101
Fax: +(1) 202 462-3829

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Accommodation in Kenya is easy and includes big brands of the international hotels industry; luxury tented resorts, lodges, hostels and camping are available all around the country side. For additional information on hotel accommodation, you may visit this link. Some hotel bills must be paid in foreign currency.

Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife
PO Box 30027, Nairobi
Tel: +(254) 2 331030
Fax: +(254) 2 217604

Kenya Association of Hotel Keepers and Caterers
PO Box 46406, Nairobi
Tel: +(254) 2 726642
Fax: +(254) 2 721505

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