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AFRICABIZ VOL 2 - ISSUE: 116
October 15, 2009 - January 15, 2010
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- A CASE STUDY ABOUT AN EUROPEAN COUNTRY DEMISED BY THE CRISIS

The evolving world financial crisis that officially started last term of year 2008, but in reality was brewing since three years at least, shrunk the economy worldwide, forcing countries to recourse to costly and heavy financial stimulus packages that created abyssal budget's deficits.[1, 2, 3]

All this was the result of the reckless risks taken by the management and traders of developed world major banking system, to maximize profits through unbelievable financing schemes.

Indeed, the developed world banking system, mainly in Wall Street and the City of London, UK, engaged for two decades running in "bizarre" banking practices, lending money to people that do not have the resources to pay back, and therefore generating "toxic" assets. You know that already. Jonathan Jarvis's video available here, however, put everything in perspective, and explain more.

In addition to the financial centers of New York City and the City of London, UK, one country stands as the show case highlighting all the aspects and defaults of the new financing credo exposed in Jonathan Jarvis's video, the Republic of Iceland - An island country in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle. Reykjavik is the capital and the largest city, accounting for almost half of citizens living in the country. Population: 302,000.

In said country, historically and for centuries, marine resources (fisheries and allied agribusinesses, particularly animal husbandry), and mineral resources (ferrosilicon, and diatomite) exploitation driven the economy and established the country in a prosperity zone for decades running, in the range of High Income Countries (HIC) bracket - US$5,000 to US$9,999.

Then, starting from mid-1980, the government shifted from promoting the traditional economy and rigorous national budget balancing, to boosting financial transactions and services - in line with the financial centers of Wall Street and the City of London, UK.

Consequently, the "tiny" country banking system, backed by a deregulation policy sponsored by the government, indulged in all kinds of financial services matching Wall Street and the City of London traders's sulfurous practices. The country per capita GNP progressively moved from HIC value above outlined, to Very High Income Countries (VHI) bracket, from US$10,000 to US$19,000 and beyond. Icelanders, beginning of year 2008 were listed among the top ranking of the wealthiest people in the world, with a Parity Purchasing Power of US$36,000 as shown on the picture below exposed.

Courtesy of TradingEconomics Click on picture for website

Then suddenly, the international financial system goes berserk, and overnight the "house of cards" collapsed in October 2008, reversing the trend and sending Iceland's economy crashing. Nowadays, Icelanders are no more the wealthiest citizens of the world at large. To say the least.

The actual plight of Iceland is an interesting case study, to compare with African countries's ones, submitted since the mid 1980s to Adjustment Structural Programs (SAP).

Click here to read about: "The Financial Crisis. A Comparison Between the Plight of Iceland and African Countries.

- VIP MEMBERSHIP IS LIVE RUNNING

The VIP Members section is now running live. More on the matter is available at following link that is the permanent announcement page concerning VIP-Membership. Visiting said page, you will always take notice of what is showing live on the confidential newsletter - Inside Africa & Insights About Africa - dedicated to VIP Members.

- SERVICES AND PRODUCTS FROM Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES / BUSINESSAFRICA (TM)

List of Products and Solutions to trading and investing in and out emerging nations - and particularly in sub-Saharan African nations - is here to review.

We draw your attention to the Jobs & Projects' platform that assists first, project-owners to tender for the best experts to carry out projects at very competitive costs, and, second, job-seekers to publish for free Résumés/CV to attract project-owners attention.

The Free and Pay-Per-Click advertisement platform is also the cheapest way to advertise for your business and drive traffic to your website.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on January 15, 2010

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


1-SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
2- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
3- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
4- KENAF (23, 24)
5- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
6- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
7- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
8- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)

9- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
10- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
11- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87)
12- BIOMASS ENERGY (89, 90, 91, 92)
13- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS (93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99/100, 101, 102)
14- LIVESTOCK (103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112
15- MISCELLANEOUS (113, 114, 115, 116, 117

- MISCELLANEOUS SERIES:RENEWABLE ENERGY: PART IV: STRAW AS RAW MATERIAL TO PRODUCING ELECTRICITY

In developing countries, and in African nations in particular, straw, hay and leaves - by-products of cereals's and tropical fruits's crops - are not used as raw materials to generate additional revenues.

For instance, a high proportion (if not the whole available volume) of maize's, corn's, rice's, and sorghum's straw and hay undergoes field burning. That is an astonishing waste of raw material to generating electricity when energy crisis is currently hampering industrial production in most African countries. [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

The previous delivery of this series, available here, briefly described the potential of hey/straw as raw material to producing energy/electricity and a table exposes sorghum plantations' yield with regards cultivars/species. And the following link exposes the economics about a 200 ha plantation to produce 1000 metric tons of sorghum-grain, and 2360 metric tons of hay/straw/sticks.

The current delivery deals with the production of electricity using above outlined quantity of sorghum straw/hay/sticks as fuel/raw material/feedstock.

An investigation report is available at this link, that provides useful information about (1) soil preparation; (2) cultivars; (3) cultivars; (4) fertilizers (5); and (6) an estimate to establishing a 500 acres/202 hectares of plantation.

- BRIEFS ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY TO USING STRAW AS FEEDSTOCK TO PRODUCING ELECTRICITY

Feeding a hay furnaceCereals's straw can either be used alone or mixed with other biomass materials (co-firing or co-combustion) in direct combustion. In this technology, a hay-furnace is used to heat boilers coupled with steam turbines to produce electricity [Picture at the left of this paragraph shows the process of feeding a furnace with a hay-ball - Courtesy of poultry.com].

In thermal combustion, air is injected into the combustion chamber to ensure that the biomass is completely burned in the combustion chamber. (A picture on the above outlined link shows the inside of a burning hay-furnace.)

At following link are exposed useful information and pictures about equipment and machines.

The study available here provides information about energy content of several biomass feedstock. One sees that sorghum-straw energy content stands at 6.28 MJ per kg. That is, considering the amount (2360 metric tons) of hay/straw/sticks produced by two harvests per year, resulting from the cultivation of 200 ha of sorghum, [6.28 MJ times 2,360,000= 14,820,000 MJ] - Approximately equals to 43 MW-h of generated on-the-spot electricity.

That amount of generated power is another proof that the development strategy exposed here, is a powerful economic catalyst programme capable of boosting an African country's economy on a long term basis. One can imagine the resulting power generating potential that would result from the cultivation of several thousand hectares dedicated to cereals's production - as advocated in the developing strategy described in the above outlined link.


Next delivery, available on January 15, 2010, will consider the production of bio-gas resulting from the exploitation of 200 ha of sorghum plantation.

The delivery here available describes the production of sorghum beer. Dating back to year 2001, a delivery here briefly exposed deals with the cultivation of Sorghum as an Income Building Power for African rural communities

MORE ON STRAW AS RAW MATERIAL
1-Integrated Renewable Energy
For Rural Communities: Planning Guidelines, Technologies & Applications
By N. El Bassam and P. Maegaard (Hardcover - Jul 14, 2004)
2- Green From the Ground Up
Sustainable, Healthy and Energy-Efficient Home Construction (Builder Guide)
By David Johnston and Scott Gibson (Paperback - April 1, 2008)
3- Electricity in Agriculture & Horticulture
By Selim Lemström (Paperback - Aug 21, 2008)
4- Fundamentals of Rewable Energy
By Aldo V. da Rosa (Hardcover - Aug 3, 2005)
5-
Renewable Energy Resources
By John Twidell (Paperback - Dec 16, 2005)

6 - Power Systems Economics
Designing Markets for Electricity
By Steven Stoft (Paperback - May 17, 2002)
7- A Guide To Rural Energy Independence
By William H. Kemp (Paperback - April 1, 2006)
8- Energy Demand & Planning
Report Number 31, (Watt Committee Report N° 31) Hardcover - May 5, 1999
9- Renewable Energy In Nontechnical Words
By Ann Chambers (Hardcover - Oct 2003)
10- Fuels of Opportunity
Characteristics and uses In Combustion Systems Third Edition
By David Tillman and N. Stanley Harding (Hardcover - Feb 3, 2004)

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