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AFRICABIZ VOL 2 - ISSUE: 114
April 15 - July 14, 2009
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- G8 FAILED TO DELIVER. G20 WILL NOT DELIVER - THE ABSOLUTE NEED FOR A SURVIVAL STRATEGY

The evolving world financial crisis forced leaders from developed nations (The United States of America, France, The United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Russia, Canada, Japan - the so-called G8), and few chosen emerging countries's leaders (China, Brazil, South Africa, India, Etc.;) to meet at London, UK, April 2-3, 2009, to try to define a global solution to a global worldwide crisis.

The end of the meeting had been met with a salvo of enthusiastic reports claiming success - delivered by attending governments' and agencies's representatives and reporters.

For a sober observer, however, the confidence expressed about the outcome of the summit, was obviously an exercise staged to conjure the eventual forthcoming bad omen: social disorder and worldwide chaos. Indeed, people worldwide need to be reassured that the financial crisis would not jam, halt and destroy the whole world economic structure.

However, success or failure, the near future of the few coming months towards the end of year 2009 would tell more, as houses's foreclosures, closing of manufacturing shops, bankruptcies and financial debacles of well established and centenary companies are mounting in Europe and the States. Not to forget the drastic slowdown of the international trading, that is badly hurting Africa exports of soft commodities and minerals.

In the official communiqué, G8 leaders attending the G20 summit promised more financing to assist poor countries weather the financial debacle, and avoid the looming social and economic disaster. US$ 250 million had been earmarked for such purpose.

One is entitled to ask where would this money come from? According to the communiqué, it would be included in the extensive additional financing package "granted" to the International Monetary Fund - that had been put at US$ 850 millions.

So everything sounds rosy, and the merry-go-round would continue as before the outburst of the crisis, when everything was fine under the sun - and the successive G8 summits since year 2002 had made similar promises.

In several previous deliveries, Africabiz Online had, after each G8 summit since year 2002 [1, 2, 3] expressed doubts about such commitments from G8 leaders. In July 2005, after G8-Gleneagles summit (Scotland, UK, July 6-8, 2005 Summit), amidst hopeful expectations from billions people worldwide, an article titled : Let's Face the Truth: G8 Will Never Deliver was posted in Africabiz Online.

So, following the final communiqué from the G20 London-summit making a wonderful promise to assist developing nation with a financing package of US$ 250 million, we are asking this simple question: How can African nations expect now any assistance from developed world's leaders, when the putative donors's houses are burning? It does not make sense. A person whose house is burning takes care of its own belongings, trying to salvage the most as possible from the ravaging fire, before eventually looking after the neighbor. Right?

Therefore, as stated in a previous delivery, in order to weather the looming economic and social disaster, African countries need urgently to take their fate in their own hands. They need to design and implement survival strategies, capable of creating riches for all at a the fastest growth-pace as possible.

Click here to read about: "The Financial Crisis: Everything Rosy? G20 Will Solve Our Problems

- VIP MEMBERSHIP IS LIVE RUNNING

The VIP Members section is now running live. More on the matter is available at following link that is the permanent announcement page concerning VIP-Membership. Visiting said page, you will always take notice of what is showing live on the confidential newsletter - Inside Africa & Insights About Africa - dedicated to VIP Members.

- SERVICES AND PRODUCTS FROM Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES / BUSINESSAFRICA (TM)

List of Products and Solutions to trading and investing in and out emerging nations - and particularly in sub-Saharan African nations - is here to review.

We draw your attention to the Jobs & Projects' platform that assists first, project-owners to tender for the best experts to carry out projects at very competitive costs, and, second, job-seekers to publish for free Résumés/CV to attract project-owners attention.

The Free and Pay-Per-Click advertisement platform is also the cheapest way to advertise for your business and drive traffic to your website.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on July 15, 2009

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


1-SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
2- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
3- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
4- KENAF (23, 24)
5- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
6- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
7- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
8- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)

9- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
10- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
11- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87)
12- BIOMASS ENERGY (89, 90, 91, 92)
13- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS (93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99/100, 101, 102)
14- LIVESTOCK (103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112
15- MISCELLANEOUS (113, 114, 115

- MISCELLANEOUS SERIES:RENEWABLE ENERGY: PART II: STRAW AS RAW MATERIAL TO PRODUCING ENERGY

In developing countries and in African nations in particular, straw, hay and leaves - by-products of cereals's crops and tropical fruits's crops - are not used as raw materials to generate additional revenues.

A high proportion (if not the whole available volume) of maize's, corn's, rice's,sorghum's straw and hay undergoes field burning. That is an astonishing waste of energy when, most of said African countries are currently experiencing energy crisis [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]


Courtesy of
Figure above, (courtesy of http://www.irri.org) shows the variety of by-products and renewable energy that can be extracted from rice's straw or any other cereals's crop-straw such as corn, maize, sorghum. Etc. It also shows how - in contrast to the use of food-crops such as pure cereals, the use of agricultural residues (hay, straw, husk and cobs) offers a huge potential to produce power/energy in African countries's rural areas and producing bio-fuels - without any risk for food security.

For instance, a group of Russian engineers setup a project in Indonesia and disclosed that 1 (one) million tons of rice husks could produce 100 MW of electricity, while 5 million tons of rice straw could produce 400 MW.[Source]

- Straw Yield From Sorghum Species

John McIntire, Jess D. Reed, Abate Tedla, Samuel Jutzi, and Yilma Kebede published an excellent study evaluating sorghum cultivars for grain's and straw's yields is available at this link. The following table had been extraxted from said study


Grain yield (t ha-1)

Straw yield (t ha-1)

Apparent digestibility (%)

Debre Zeit, 1984


Brown sorghums

2.61

5.38

53.6


Red sorghums

2.50

5.97

51.4


White sorghums

2.54

5.18

51.5


Overall

2.55

5.51

52.2

Debre Zeit, 1985


Brown sorghums

4.46

8.37

52.3


Red sorghums

5.72

7.11

55.5


White sorghums

2.94

6.49

54.0


Overall

4.58

8.13

52.8

Nazareth, 1985


Brown sorghums

4.18

5.13

57.3


Red sorghums

3.68

4.93

60.1


White sorghums

0.92

2.80

57.0


Overall

4.00

5.02

57.7


A series of forthcoming deliveries will deal with a global case study: (1) the setting up of a plantation of red sorghum to obtaining "operational" quantities of hay/straw/sticks (- issue: isfront115.php - July 15 - Oct 14, 2009); (2) to producing electricity (- issue: isfront116.php - Oct 15, 2009 - Jan 14, 2010); (3) to producing bio-gas (- issue: isfront117.php - Jan 15 - April 14, 2010); (4) to producing ethanol (issue: is118front.php - April 15 - Jul 14, 2010).

MORE ON STRAW AS RAW MATERIAL
1-Integrated Renewable Energy
For Rural Communities: Planning Guidelines, Technologies & Applications
By N. El Bassam and P. Maegaard (Hardcover - Jul 14, 2004)
2- Green From the Ground Up
Sustainable, Healthy and Energy-Efficient Home Construction (Builder Guide)
By David Johnston and Scott Gibson (Paperback - April 1, 2008)
3- Electricity in Agriculture & Horticulture
By Selim Lemström (Paperback - Aug 21, 2008)
4- Fundamentals of Rewable Energy
By Aldo V. da Rosa (Hardcover - Aug 3, 2005)
5-
Renewable Energy Resources
By John Twidell (Paperback - Dec 16, 2005)

6 - Power Systems Economics
Designing Markets for Electricity
By Steven Stoft (Paperback - May 17, 2002)
7- A Guide To Rural Energy Independence
By William H. Kemp (Paperback - April 1, 2006)
8- Energy Demand & Planning
Report Number 31, (Watt Committee Report N° 31) Hardcover - May 5, 1999
9- Renewable Energy In Nontechnical Words
By Ann Chambers (Hardcover - Oct 2003)
10- Fuels of Opportunity
Characteristics and uses In Combustion Systems Third Edition
By David Tillman and N. Stanley Harding (Hardcover - Feb 3, 2004)

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