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AFRICABIZ VOL 2 - ISSUE: 110
June 15 - July 14, 2008
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- SEVERAL AFRICABIZ PAGES HAD BEEN REJUVENATED

Africabiz Online's Editorial Team worked hard during past three weeks to improve Web 2.0 capability of the platform. That is interactivity coding had been enhanced to permit flawless input of RSS feeds about several subjects of world concern. Visit Developing Matters and Dynamic News links to see for yourself. The team endeavours to keep on the good work of improving the paltform to remaining the final destination for Investing, Trading and Developing in emerging countries and particularly in sub-Saharan African countries. We shall keep you posted in the coming weeks about improvement implemented to make the platform an user friendly destination.

- AFRICAN COUNTRIES AT THE CROSS ROAD

It is all over the media. Hunger riots are occurring worldwide and particularly in African countries. And also power supply crisis. Africabiz Online had in several issues discussed the matter [1, 2, 3, 4].

The Opportunity Section of current issue had once again exposed the possibility to generate energy through the development of agriculture.

It sounds like a constant rehearsal of the same idea, over and over, again and again. An endless repetition., But it is not. Africabiz Online just wants to emphasize that there is not alternative for African countries, if they are really serious to overcoming current food crisis, and at the same time find a sustainable solution to the energy crisis, which is hampering the global developing. Indeed, no energy, no industrialization, therefore no developing to creating riches for all.

Indeed, to continue generating energy using fossil raw materials would not help solve the problem as the cost of purchasing these fossils materials (coal, oil and gas) is skyrocketing and will stay at very high level for the near and far future. Due to geo-strategic causes and influences (the war in Iraq, the middle east never ending imbroglio, bonding together with the high costs of finding and exploiting new "deep" oil fields.

Waiving taxes and levies on imported foods (wheat, rice, milk and pasta. Etc.;) and on imported construction materials (iron threads, cement) - as currently hastily implemented by most of African countries's governments - would not help either. These subsidies are destructuring already unbalanced national budgets that dedicated up to 80% of revenues to civil servants salaries and wages, neglecting the building of vital infrastructure (roads, schools, universities, healthcare centers) and the maintenance of existing ones.

Most African countries governments have, one way or another, neglected the development of agriculture and allied rural activities. No strategic planning had been implemented in African countries for 50 years running, to assist the emergence of modern farmers.

And now come the time of reckoning. Hunger riots and energy crisis. African countries have no choice but to find as fast as possible solutions to these both developing bottlenecks. Failing to do so would see chaos spreading all over the continent as current level of unemployment (up to 70 percent of the available "working force ") is a time-bomb waiting to explode sooner or later. Sooner than later as shown by xenophobia violent eruptions that occurred in May 2008 in South Africa.!

There is no alternative but to extensively develop agriculture - as establishing nuclear power plants, hydro dams and or power generating facilities based on the utilization of fossil raw-materials would not have the same impact on the global developing as agricultural development.

Indeed, systematic development of agriculture and the utilization of the agricultural wastes to generate power to processing resulting crops is the only way to boost developing of African rural areas, provide plenty of food stuffs to the nations, create riches for all and stop the exodus of rural people to already overpopulated cities.

Click here to read about: "Developing rural activities to solve both energy crisis and food crisis."

- SERVICES AND PRODUCTS FROM Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES / BUSINESSAFRICA (TM)

List of Products and Solutions to trading and investing in and out emerging nations - and particularly in sub-Saharan African nations - is here to review.

We draw your attention to Jobs & Projects' platform that assists first, project-owners to tender for the best experts to carry out projects at very competitive costs, and, second, job-seekers to publish for free Résumés/CV to attract project-owners attention.

The Free and Pay-Per-Click advertisement platform is also the cheapest way to advertise for your business and drive traffic to your website.

Click the image for moreDr. Quenum and Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM) have decided to follow Yahoo wise business practice - that is to establish business relationship only with clients who can produce email address linked to an ISP domain name or that could be traced back against a database of valid and legitimate domain names. In other words, from now on, only ISP-based email messages can expect replies from Dr. Quenum & Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM). For more on the matter, please visit this link.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on July 15, 2008

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


1-SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
2- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
3- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
4- KENAF (23, 24)
5- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
6- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
7- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
8- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)

9- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
10- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
11- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87)
12- BIOMASS ENERGY (89, 90, 91, 92)
13- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS (93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99/100, 101, 102)
14- LIVESTOCK (103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111

- LIVESTOCK & GAME DEVELOPMENT: PART VII - A MEDIUM-SCALE CATTLE FATTENING OPERATION - E - QUANTITY OF ELECTRICITY PRODUCED FROM CATTLE DUNG

This delivery is a continuation to the previous issues [104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109]

It considers the production of biogas-electricity in African rural areas, using cattle dung as raw material.

Previous issue shows that in tropical conditions, India standing as example, an adult cattle (+3 years old) gives on average 4 tonnes of dung and 1,516 tonnes of urine per year That is around 10 kg of dung per day plus 4.5 kg of urine per day - per cattle head.

Based on figures above listed, the quantity of dung available per year for a cattle fattening operation that produces 1,200 fattened cattle heads per year, would be in average: 4,000MT or [1,200 cattle heads*10kg*365days]; and the quantity of urine would be in average every year: 1,900MT or[1,200 cattle heads* 4.5kg*365 days]

Which means that the slurry that could be ingested in biodigesters would be amounting to 6,000MT of raw dung plus urine.

And referring to previous issue that consider biogas production from pig waste, and taking into account previous delivery findings, one can take the amount of 720 m3 of biogas produced by a pig per day as working hypothesis and evaluate the amount of biogas produced by one operation that fattens 1,200 cattle heads per year to be equals to: 313,360,000 m3 of biogas per year or [720m3*1200 cattle heads*365days]

- ESTIMATE OF BIOGAS-ELECTRICITY PRODUCED

Referring to the conversion table here available, and pigsite.com calculations, we know that one metric cube of biogas can generate 2 kWh of electricity. Therefore, one can estimate the quantity of biogas-electricity generated by one fattening operation (1,200 cattle heads produced per year at capacity) to be equal to 626,720,000 kWh - [That is 313,360,000 m3 of biogas*2 kWh] or 6,26 MWh of electricity per year.

Just calculate the amount of biogas electricity that would result from, let say, 10,000 animal breeding operations, which fatten each 1,200 cattle heads per year!

The consequences resulting from the production of such amount of renewable energy had already been explored in a previous issue (considering pig waste) titled
: Energy Self-sufficiency Is Feasible For African Countries.

Click following link to read more about the matter: Developing Rural Activities To Solve Both Energy Crisis and Food Crisis

MORE ON LIVESTOCK & GAME DEVELOPMENT
1-Handbook of Livestock Management
by Richard A. Battaglia (Paperback - Jul 21, 2006)
2- Raising Small Livestock:
A Practical Handbook
by Jerome D. Belanger (Paperback - Feb 11, 2005)
3- The Homesteader's Handbook
to Raising Small Livestock Goats, Chickens, Sheep. Geese, Rabbitts, Hogs, Turkeys, Guinea Fowl, Ducks and Pigeons
by Jerome D. Belanger (Hardcover - April 1974)
4- Backyard Livestock:
Raising Good, Natural Food for Your Family, Third Edition by Steven Thomas and George P. Looby (Paperback - Jan 2, 2007)
5-
Keeping Livestock Healthy:
A Veterinary Guide to Horses, Cattle, Pigs, Goats & Sheep, 4th Edition
by N. Bruce Haynes (Paperback - Nov 1, 2001)
6- Alternative Health Practices for Livestock
by Michael Keilty and Thomas Morris (Hardcover - Jan 1, 2006)

7- A World Dictionary of Livestock Breed
Types, and Varieties
by V. Porter and I. L. Mason (Hardcover - Jun 6, 2002)
8- Livestock waste facilities handbook
(Paperback - 1985)
9- Raising Small Livestock:
A Practical Handbook
by Jerome D. Belanger (Paperback - Feb 11, 2005) 10- Livestock Feeds and Feeding (5th Edition)
(Hardcover - Jun 8, 2001)
by Richard O. Kellems and David C. Church
11- Raising Game Birds
by Lessiter Publications (Paperback - Jun 1986)
12- Livestock Production in Unfavourable Economic Environments:
Strategies for Attaining Sustained Competitive Advantage
by P. G. A Jennings (Hardcover - Mar 30, 2007)

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