Businessafrica.net Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108
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AFRICABIZ VOL 2 - ISSUE: 104
DEC 15, 2007- JAN 14, 2008
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

HAPPY AND SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS YEAR 2008

Africabiz Online wishes you all and your loved ones a very festive Xmas 2004 and a successful business year for 2008.


- AFRICA IS THE FINAL DESTIANTION FOR DOUBLE-DIGIT GROWTH RATE ON VESTED MONEY

The truth is coming out slowly but surely. What Africabiz Online is clamoring since 10 years is now becoming a mainstream knowledge. Click here to read more and watch and listen to an experienced investment banker spelling out another aspect of the obvious.

- SERVICES AND PRODUCTS FROM Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES / BUSINESSAFRICA (TM)

List of Products and Solutions to trading and investing in and out emerging nations - and particularly in sub-Saharan African nations - is here to review.

We draw your attention to Jobs & Projects' platform that assists first, project-owners to tender for the best experts to carry out projects at very competitive costs, and, second, job-seekers to publish for free Résumés/CV to attract project-owners attention.

The Free and Pay-Per- Click advertisement platform is also the cheapest way to advertise for your business and drive traffic to your website.

Click the image for moreDr. Quenum and Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM) have decided to follow Yahoo wise business practice - that is to establish business relationship only with clients who can produce email address linked to an ISP domain name or that could be traced back against a database of valid and legitimate domain names. In other words, from now on, only ISP-based email messages can expect replies from Dr. Quenum & Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM). For more on the matter, please visit this link.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on January 15, 2008

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


1-SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
2- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
3- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
4- KENAF (23, 24)
5- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
6- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
7- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
8- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)

9- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
10- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
11- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87)
12- BIOMASS ENERGY (89, 90, 91, 92)
13- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS (93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99/100, 101, 102,
14- LIVESTOCK (103, 104, 105,

- LIVESTOCK & GAME DEVELOPMENT: PART II - BASICS ABOUT ANIMAL FEED FORMULATION

For livestock's definition you may consult previous delivery. Around 600 million tons of animal feed are produced annually around the world. And African production of global animal feed (for broilers, layers, dairy, beef and sheep, pigs, dogs, cats and horses(s breeding) is insignificant in world's total.

Indeed, the industry is in its infancy in sub-Saharan African countries (except in South Africa), and cannot supply the demand. Further, it is not possible to gather "reliable" stats about animal feed production in Africa, as animal breeders (primarily poultry/ broilers and layers's breeders) produce, in-house, feed necessary for their operations, that is not declared to national stats agencies.

South African production, however, can be used to estimate the continent's volume production

Figure at the left side of this paragraph [source] represents South-Africa's production and production estimate from year 2000 to 2010.

The graphic shows that South African global animal feed production would be evolving from 7,500,000 tons in year 2000 to about 10,000,000 tons in 2010.

Considering that South Africa's economic output represents roughly 50% of the continent production in all lines of business, one can assume that the continent animal feed global production would be evolving from 15 million tons (2000) to 20 million tons (2010).

That level of production represents a mere 2.50% of world production in 2000, Therefore, one can assert that a huge market exists in African countries to producing compound feed for cattle, goats, sheep, swine and poultry's breeding.

Compound feeds can be complete feeds that provide all the daily required nutrients; concentrates that provide a part of the ration (protein, energy) or supplements that only provide additional micro-nutrients such as minerals and vitamins.

- EFFICIENT ANIMAL FEED FORMULATION

In most African countries, livestock's sector is controlled and managed by small pastoralists/herders/breeders, who use traditional pastoral methods and techniques. Herds's feeding depending on the availability of rain--pastures that become scarce or are completely scorched and wiped out during drought periods. Therefore, herdsmen wander from place to place with cattle, searching for grazing pastures.

This practice is not the best way to produce quality meat animals - as animal lose weight between grazing places -, and also because bloody clashes often occur with sedentary farmers whose plots are destroyed by wandering animals.

Therefore, in order to produce quality meat and supply the demand in Africa, and suppress recurrent social disturbances in rural areas, resulting from clashes between wandering herders and sedentary farmers, the establishment of animal feed industries in each single African nation is a necessity.

- By products and Raw materials Suitable for Animal FeedFormulation

Agriculture and agribusiness wastes: hays, leaves (kenaf plant's leaves for example [23, 24], roots and tubers's pulp, peels and pellets [54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64]; brewery sludge and wastes [30, 31, 32]; essential oil industry wastes (spent residue of pepper, cardamom, ginger and other seeds to producing essential oils 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52); cocoa-shell powder, cocoa beans, cereals, banana peels, papaya peels; fruit industry and vegetable processing wastes: orange peel, spent lemon, orange waste, potato waste, tomato waste, mango kernel, water-melon seeds, pineapple waste (leaves and pulp34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46); mango seed extraction, oil-cakes and oil-meals [25, 26, 27, 28]; coffee waste and extracted tea leaves; blood collected from slaughterhouse [78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87] - are suitable for animal feed formulation.

- Rules To Efficient Animal Feed Formulation

Above listed by-products and raw-materials are good for animal feed formulation as long as components parts of the resulting feed, are (1) energy suppliers, (2) protein providers, (3) fibers sources, (4) fats enhancer and (5) bypass protein providers.

Bypass proteins are ingredients that control protein degradability during ruminant animals digestion process. Bypass or undegradable protein sources can be of plant or animal origin, and have a crude protein content greater than 20%, with at least 50% of this protein escaping breakdown in the rumen. Most often, these ingredients have been specially heat treated or dried. They are most suitable for the diet of high-producing, early-lactation dairy cows or rapidly growing starter beef cattle. [Source]

The protein composition (amino acid profile) and levels of degradable, undegradable and soluble protein fractions are particularly important. In other words, a balance should be found between the several components to obtain a feed formulation that provides energy, proteins and fibres to the animal, taking into account availability and procurement costs. Of course, each category of animals has its own specificity. That is cattle feed formulation is different from dairy or swine feed and poultry breeding feed. In any case, solid feed (pellets) would be preferable to liquids.

At following link you can buy standard feed formulation to breed cattle, poultry, sheep, goats, rabbits, horses and swine. In a previous delivery, feed formulation for pig fattening was exposed.

MORE ON LIVESTOCK & GAME DEVELOPMENT
1-Handbook of Livestock Management
by Richard A. Battaglia (Paperback - Jul 21, 2006)
2- Raising Small Livestock:
A Practical Handbook
by Jerome D. Belanger (Paperback - Feb 11, 2005)
3- The Homesteader's Handbook
to Raising Small Livestock Goats, Chickens, Sheep. Geese, Rabbitts, Hogs, Turkeys, Guinea Fowl, Ducks and Pigeons
by Jerome D. Belanger (Hardcover - April 1974)
4- Backyard Livestock:
Raising Good, Natural Food for Your Family, Third Edition by Steven Thomas and George P. Looby (Paperback - Jan 2, 2007)
5-
Keeping Livestock Healthy:
A Veterinary Guide to Horses, Cattle, Pigs, Goats & Sheep, 4th Edition
by N. Bruce Haynes (Paperback - Nov 1, 2001)
6- Alternative Health Practices for Livestock
by Michael Keilty and Thomas Morris (Hardcover - Jan 1, 2006)

7- A World Dictionary of Livestock Breed
Types, and Varieties
by V. Porter and I. L. Mason (Hardcover - Jun 6, 2002)
8- Livestock waste facilities handbook
(Paperback - 1985)
9- Raising Small Livestock:
A Practical Handbook
by Jerome D. Belanger (Paperback - Feb 11, 2005)
10- Livestock Feeds and Feeding (5th Edition)
(Hardcover - Jun 8, 2001)
by Richard O. Kellems and David C. Church
11- Raising Game Birds
by Lessiter Publications (Paperback - Jun 1986)
12- Livestock Production in Unfavourable Economic Environments:
Strategies for Attaining Sustained Competitive Advantage
by P. G. A Jennings (Hardcover - Mar 30, 2007)

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