Businessafrica.net Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108
Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES
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AFRICABIZ VOL 2 - ISSUE: 101
SEPT 15 - OCT 14, 2007
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- THIS DELIVERY IS THE FIRST ISSUE OF VOL 2

Africabiz Editorial Team is on board (after one month break) to deliver on time the current issue - the first one of Volume number 2 that would end in ten years time with Issue 199/200. God willing.

Looking back to past century year 1997, when we started Africabiz Online, we realized that the challenge of producing and posting the magazine on time, every 15th of the month, had been successfully met only because a dedicated team was in charge.

Indeed, when a company business gains speed, the lone starter cannot cope and need to have assistance and help from a dedicated team.

Last delivery exposed how the dedication/ focus of the team made Africabiz Online presence a transcontinental success. In this issue, guest author Trevor Marshall deals with Successful Techniques to Team Building

- SERVICES AND PRODUCTS FROM Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES / BUSINESSAFRICA (TM)

List of Products and Solutions to trading and investing in and out emerging nations - and particularly in sub-Saharan African nations - is here to review.

We draw your attention to Jobs & Projects' platform that assists first, project-owners to tender for the best experts to carry out projects at very competitive costs, and, second, job-seekers to publish for free Résumés/CV to attract project-owners attention.

The Pay-Per- Click advertisement platform is also the cheapest way to advertise for your business.

Click the image for moreDr. Quenum and Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM) have decided to follow Yahoo wise business practice - that is to establish business relationship only with clients who can produce email address linked to an ISP domain name or that could be traced back against a database of valid and legitimate domain names. In other words, from now on, only ISP-based email messages can expect replies from Dr. Quenum & Associates, IBC / BusinessAfrica (TM). For more on the matter, please visit this link.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on October 15, 2007

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


a- SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
b- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
d- KENAF (23, 24)
e- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
f- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
g- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)
i- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
j- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
k- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87)
l- BIOMASS ENERGY (89, 90, 91, 92)
m- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS (93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99/100, 101, 102,

- SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS: PART VIII - A NETWORK OF MEDIUM-SCALE OPERATIONS TO MANUFACTURING BROWN SUGAR

This series' first issue outlined the importance of sugar-cane as Economic Catalyst to developing. The current delivery briefly compares a network of medium scale operations (to producing brown sugar) to capital intensive facilities.

In the previous delivery, the economics of a medium scale facility had been briefly exposed. described and summarized in the following table;

Items
US$
INVESTMENT

Total investment

64,200
PRODUCTION LEVEL
1- lightly colored brown sugar = 45 metric tons per year.
2- Jaggery/ Muscovado = 72 metric tons per year.
OPERATING COSTS

Operational Expenses: Raw material (around 745 metric tons of fresh sugarcane sticks per year or 2,821 metric tons per day - purchased at 30$US per metric ton), harvesting, handling and transport to processing floor - production costs - insurance - utilities - staff and hands / management salaries - amortization - interests on loan. Etc.

70,000
Cost of production off plant for one metric ton of brown sugar 598

Such a medium scale operation would create 10 direct jobs.

- ESTABLISHING A NETWORK OF MEDIUM SCALE OPEATIONS TO PRODUCING BROWN SUGAR IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

Table below exposes world production and consumption of (refined) sugar. It shows Africa is a net importer. Therefore, opportunities exist to develop and expand brown sugar's production in African countries

Sugar: Production and Consumption (million tonnes, raw value) [source]
  Production Consumption
 
2005/06
2006/07
2005/06.
2006/07 (est)
WORLD 151.9 159.2 148.9 152.3
Developing countries 109.0 118.9 100.8 104.1
Developed countries 43.0 40.3 48.1 48.2
Asia 50.0 58.4 65.9 67.8
Africa 9.9 10.5 14.6 15.3
Latin America / Caribbean 52.0 53.0 26.4 26.9
North America 6.6 7.6 10.8 10.8
Europe 26.8 24.1 29.7 29.8
Oceania 6.6 5.6 1.5 1.6

Per capita Sugar's consumptionFigure at the left side (courtesy of www.illovosugar.com) exposes the consumption level in South Africa, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Tanzania - in comparison to other world's countries.

South Africa has the biggest consumption level in Africa. Less developed countries like Malawi representing the "normal" consumption level in sub-Saharan African countries.

Let us consider a sub-Saharan african country with a population level of 7,000,000 people, and considering Malawi head consumption,the yearly average sugar consumption would be in the range of 91,000 metric tons.

That production could be achieved with "huge" capital intensive concerns or through a network of medium scale operations,

Capital intensive producing units could be sized up to producing 9,000 metric tons of refined sugar per annum. And to cater for 91,000 metric tons as above outlined, 10 capital intensive producing units would be needed.

To cater for the same amount of brown sugar, 778 medium-scale producing units as described in previous issue would be needed.

Table below compares both scenarios with regards (1) Total Investment; (2) Jobs's creation:

Comparison Between a Network of Medium-scale
And Capital Intensive Producing Facilities
Items 778 Medium-scale Facilities 10 Capital Intensive Facilities
Investment level US$50,570,000 US$60,000,000
Direct-jobs created 7780 500

One sees that investment level is quite equal for both scenarios. The network of medium-scale operations, however, would create 16 times more direct jobs and assist in establishing 778 entrepreneurs /industrialists in rural areas.

Next delivery (Oct 15, 2007) will highlight the importance of the industry (if established with medium-scale operators) as a catalyst to developing a sub-Saharan African country

MORE ON SUGAR CANE & PRODUCTS
1- Sugar Cane Industry, The (Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography)
by J.H. Galloway (Paperback Sep 23, 2005)
2- The House Surrounded by Sugar
by Leanna Williams (Paperback - Mar 8, 2006)
3- From Cane to Sugar (Start to Finish)
by Jill Braithwaite (Hardcover - Aug 2004)
4- Cane Sugar Handbook: A Manual for Cane Sugar Manufacturers and Their Chemists
by James C. P. Chen and Chung Chi Chou (Hardcover - Nov 8, 1993)
5-
Sugar Cane
by Alex Morgan (Paperback - Aug 28, 2002)
6- The Sugar cane factory: A catechism of cane sugar manufacture for the use of beginners
by Frederic I Scard (Unknown Binding - 1913)
7-
Sugar Cane Cultivation and Management
by Henk, Bakker and H., Bakker (Hardcover - Jan 1, 1999)
 

8- Sugar Cane (Tropical Agriculturalist)
by R. Fauconnier (Paperback - Feb 24, 1993)
9- Management Accounting for the Sugar Cane Industry (Sugar Sciences, Vol 8)
by A. E. Fok Kam (Hardcover - Mar 1988)
10- The nature and properties of the sugar cane
With practical directions for the improvement of its cultures, and the manufacture of its products)
by George Richardson Porter (Unknown Binding - 1831)
11- Sugar-cane and Sugar Industry in Nigeria
The Bitter Sweet Lessons
by Abdul-latif D. Busari (Paperback - Nov 2005)
12- The 2007-2012 World Outlook for Sugar Cane Mill Products
by Philip M. Parker (Paperback - Oct 13, 2006)

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