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AFRICABIZ VOL 1 - ISSUE: 81
JANUARY 15 - FEBRUARY 14, 2006
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- HAPPY AND SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS YEAR 2006

Africabiz Online editorial team wishes you and your loved ones a happy and prosperous business year 2006.

- DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EQUITY FINANCING AND DEBT FINANCING

Our consulting branch receive year long a lot of requests for financing. Most of the times, Executive Summary provided does not clearly specify clearly the kind of loan or financing borrowers are searching for.

In order to assist borrowers draft a good loan request, we publish in Africabiz's RSS-feed Email Edition Matt Backak's article that shows the difference between equity financing and debt financing.

African borrowers, in our opinion, need both kinds of financing to start up or reestructure their business. They will learn more on how to structure their loan request reading Matt Bacak paper.


- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on February 15, 2006.

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


a- SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
b- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
d- KENAF (23, 24)
e- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
f- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
g- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)
i- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
j- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76)
k- FISH FARMING (78, 79, 80, 81, 82,

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- FISH FARMING AS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY: PART IV - TILAPIA: A PEFECT FISH SPECIE TO SETUP INCOME BUILDING OPERATIONS FOR AFRICAN RURAL FOLKS

In anticipation to the Economics of a Small-Scale Fish-Farming Operation based on the polyculture of Tilapia and Catfish, we shall, in this issue, further consider Tilapia's breeding characteristics and potential market - worldwide.

farm-raised tilapia - Taiwan

- SOME TILAPIA FISH-FARMING CHARACTERISTICS

Tilapia is "extremely" resistant to viral, bacteriological and fungal diseases than other aquaculture species. It tolerates a wide range of salinity, and relish in "warm" water at temperatures between 29C and 31C. Growth rates decline rapidly at temperatures below 20C.

Further, and very important for breeding conditions existing in tropical sun-drenched areas, Tilapia tolerates lower levels of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations less than 0.5 mg/l, which is below the tolerance levels for most cultivable fish.

Tilapia consumes a wide variety of food including plankton, green leaves, benthic organisms, aquatic invertebrates, larval fish, and detritus and decomposing organic matter - In south East Asia duck droppings are used to fed tilapia.

Tilapia matures fast and is a prolific specie. Therefore, one has to control population size in pond to avoid stunted growth due to overcrowding - particularly in polyculture operations. Cage culture prevents overcrowding, as the females cannot recover the eggs for oral incubation.

All male culture prevents spawning and better yield as males grows faster. [Males in general demonstrate a growth rate 40% faster than that of females.] All male fingerlings are produced using sex reversal techniques or by manually separating sexes.

It takes about 8-10 months to bring tilapia to a marketable size (compared to 2-3 years for salmon); and the fattening period could be shorten to 6 months in All males' breeding or controlled-population's 'operations - to obtaining market size in the range of 400 to 500g for whole fish and 700 to 1000g (11 to 14 months old) for production of processed fillets. [Source]

- POSSIBLE FINGERLING SUPPLY' SOURCE

There are research stations around African continent specialized in fingerling production for Tilapia - Particularly in Egypt, and South Africa.

On the international marketplace Taiwan's tilapia industry is a good supply' source; Wageningen University in Holland and tilapiaseed.com in the United States of America are other reliable sources that provide information on warm water fishing techniques. Tilapiaseed.com for instance provides the following Tilapia fingerlings lines:


· Egyptian Nilotica Ismailia Canal (Pure)
· Egyptian Nilotica Lake Manzallah (Pure)
· Israeli/Jordan Aurea (Pure)
· White Aurea (Line)
· Red Tilapia-Florida, Jamaica, Israel, Indonesian (Lines)

- TILAPIA MARKET SIZE IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES AND WORLDWIDE

In most African countries, there are, here and there, research stations on fish-farming development. But sadly enough, such researches had not resulted into full promotional activities to establish Tilapia as protein provider for the populations.

Indeed, currently (end of 2005) not a single sub-Saharan African country had a promotion plan for the extensive culture of Tilapia. One could therefore consider the African market for Tilapia to be potentially a huge one for whole fresh product and transformed products such as smoked and sun-dried tilapia.

Considering an intake of one (the strict minimum) whole tilapia per African, per month, oneTilapia import trend in the U.S.A. - Courtesy of worldseafoodmarket.com could estimate the market size to be in the range of minimum 3,264,000 metric ton a year. [400g x 680,000,000 (Africans) x 12 (months)]. Imagine what the potential would be if one consider a daily intake of one whole tilapia fish per inhabitant!

There is also an ever growing international market as shown by the import trend for the United States of America (see graphic on the right).

Due to the "extraordinary" prolificness of Tilapia, it could be considered as a perfect Income Building Power for rural communities in African countries. That is It could provide cash on a sustainable basis to rural folks throughout Africa.

Based on previous deliveries' contents, the next issue (February 15, 2006) will further consider Catfish's breeding characteristics - in anticipation to the exposure of the investments about a small-scale polyculture operation based on Tilapia and Catfish in African countries.


MORE ON FISH FARMING
1- How to Start and Manage a Fish Farming Business
by Jerre G. Lewis
2- Integrated Fish Farming
by Workshop on Integrated Fish Farming
3- Catfish farming handbook
by Jerry Mack Johnson
4- Commercial Catfish Farming
by Jasper S. Lee
5-
Cage Culture Of Tilapia
In Rural Farm Ponds

An article from: Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science [HTML]
(Digital - January 1, 2000)
6- Backyard Fish Farming
by Paul Bryant

7- Intensive Fish Farming
by Jonathan Shepherd, Niall Bromage
8- Second International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture:
by Thai International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture 1987 Bangkok, et al (Hardcover - January 1990)
9- Tilapia Culture
by Abdel-fattah M. El-sayed, A. F. M. Sayed (Hardcover - February 2006)
10- Tilapias: Biology and Exploitation
by M.C.M Beveridge (Editor), B. McAndrew (Editor)

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