Businessafrica.net Newsletter ISSN 1563-4108
Dr. QUENUM & ASSOCIATES
INVESTMENT AND BUSINESS PLANNERS

Tel: +1 440 941 5187
Click here for contact & support console


Click here to Purchase Africans, Stop Being Poor!
AFRICABIZ MONTHLY ISSUE - FRONTPAGE

Africabiz Online Home
Jobs Bidding
Current
Financing
Opportunities
Desktop Control
Add Links
Dynamic News
Developing News
MediaKit
FAQ
Contact-Support
Site Search by Freefind


Only US$12.75
Achetez Africains, Refusez de Rester Pauvres!


!

AFRICABIZ VOL 1 - ISSUE: 71
MARCH 15 - APRIL 14, 2005
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
editor@africabiz.org
Featured Article
Countries Briefs
Live News On Africa
Support Africabiz Online
Contact Information
Synopsis Rss Feed Sample
A Word From the Editor
Business Opportunities
FrontDoor
Your Feedback
Freebie For You
Control Your Desktop

A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,



We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- NIGERIA'S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES VOTE FOR EXTERNAL DEBTS REPUDIATION

On March 8, 2005, Nigeria's House of Representatives passed a resolution urging President Olusegun Obasanjo to repudiate the country's external debts estimated at US$ 38 billion.

The resolution was introduced by Deputy Speaker, Hon. Austin Opara, urging government "to cease forthwith further external debt payment to any group of foreign creditors."

The Deputy Speaker lamented that various appeals by President Obasanjo to the nation's creditors for debt reprieve in support of Nigeria's economic reforms had fallen on deaf ears. The economy, he stated, will require drastic measures such as debt repudiation to pull it out of the woods.

According to Hon. Opara, Nigeria was owing US$ 19 billion as at 1985 while it had paid a total of US$ 37 billion within the same period. "Add up the US$ 37 billion that we have paid so far to the U$ 35.5 billion we are said to be owing we have up to US$ 70 billion. The point is that our foreign debt is unacceptable," Hon. Opara stated. [Source: Daily Champion (Lagos- Nigeria) - By Abiodun Adelaja]

This vote by Nigeria's House of Representatives to repudiate the country's external debt is an event of paramount importance for Africa.

This is the first time representatives of a sub-Saharan African country followed the advise given by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University and United Nations Secretary General' special adviser on global anti-poverty targets who declared, on July 4, 2004, at the Hunger Conference at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: "The time has come to end this charade. The debts are unaffordable If they won't cancel the debts I would suggest obstruction; you do it yourselves."

Should other African countries follow suit and refuse to pay back debts? Are Nigerian authorities going to implement the recommendation set forth by the House of Representatives? Or is it just a salvo to warn the international community and trigger reaction leading to discussions to find a solution?

For the time being, it seems so, because, in spite of the vote at the House of Representatives, Nigeria' Senate voted the same day for appropriation of substantial financial means in 2005 national budget to pay for external debts.

As a sober observer of African political scenery and the current state of developing in sub-Saharan African countries, one has to hope that Nigerian authorities "do not cross the Rubicund" of repudiating external debts. They would be setting the bad example for other African nations, because that move would not solve the problem of financing the developing. In the contrary, it would worsen an already bad economic situation, and scare away international investors.

It is odd that such a move from the House of Representatives had been taken now that Nigeria is enjoying unprecedented oil revenues due to the high selling prices of the commodity on international marketplace.

Would you, dear reader, accept that your debtor refuse to pay back debts when he is garnering more revenues? Certainly not. And you would do whatever you can to have your money back. Right?


There are other alternatives to solving the debt problem that is plaguing the developing of African nations. Click here to read more about Debts' Repudiation Is Not The Best Solution For African Countries.

- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How emerging nations and particularly African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful


You need to register to vote if an article has a voting booth attached. In other words, you cannot cast vote about an article is you are not registered.


Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on April 15, 2005.


Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


a- SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
b- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
d- KENAF (23, 24)
e- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
f- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
g- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)
i- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
j- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72,

- FOWL BREEDING AS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY: PART VII - OPERATING EXPENSES ABOUT A MEDIUM SCALE POULTRY BREEDING OPERATION

In spite of the unfair competition exercised by import from Europe, there are opportunities throughout the continent to establish chicken breeding companies to cater for national demands provided that operators take necessary managerial and production decisions to control costs of production.

To establish the breeding stock, one needs to purchase "one" day old Baby chicks, which are fragile animals. You may acquire Robert Plamondon's book titled: Success with baby chick that provides all information for a successful breeding operation.

Investments here exposed concerned an operation that would produce: 1- Broilers weighting in average 2 kg ; 2- Reformed Layers that weight in average 2,5 kg and 3- Big and small caliber Eggs. Here you can read more about the breeding period from Baby Chick to Fat chicken ready for slaughterhouse.

12 months operation provides 40,000 broilers ready for market or slaughterhouse, in addition to 1.209 metric tons of eggs -
During said operating period, 50,000 baby chicks broilers and 20,480 baby chicks layers will be purchased as here exposed at a cost of US$ .50 for baby chicks and US$ .65 for baby layers (for bulk purchase per batch of 5,000 units - Origin Mauritius).

Table below gives an idea about water consumption and total feed intake per unit bird for breed classes that reach about 2.0 kg in weight after 60 days breeding period. [Source: Mauritius' Ministry of Agriculture]:

WATER CONSUMPTION DURING BREEDING PERIOD
Weeks12345678
Consumption (cc) 3280145200260310360380
WEIGHT GAIN AND FEED INTAKE
Days714212835424956
Weight gain (kg)0.1620.4200.7851.2231.6982.1742.6383.084
Total Feed intake (kg)0.1410.5111.1001.8682.7853.8284.9606.168

Throughout the growing stages, it is compulsory to have a strict medicinal follow-up. The lack of such surveillance would result in disaster as birds are prone to a string of diseases (Mareck; Gumboro, Newcastle disease, aviary Bronchitis, Typhose, aviary Cholera and other parasite's infections) that should be controlled if one does not want to loose the investment in money and hard work. Medicinal follow-up's (Vaccine intake) expenses representing roughly one tenth of total feed and water consumption.

Above preliminaries give information to estimate operating expenses to producing 40,000 broilers and 1.209 metric tons of eggs over 12 months breeding period. For detailed investment level click here.

- OPERATING EXPENSES ESTIMATION FOR A MEDIUM-SCALE CHICKEN PRODUCTION UNIT

Items
US$

Total investment

279,000
PRODUCTION LEVEL
1- 40,000 broilers and 1.209 metric tons of eggs for 12 month operation.
OPERATING COSTS
2- Baby chicks broilers: 50,000 x .50 (US$)25,000
3- Baby chicks layers: 20,480 x .60 (US$)12,288
4- Water consumption: 70,480 x .310 (liter) x .40 US$8,740
5- Feed intake: 70,480 x 3,828 (kg) = 270 metric tons x 260 (US$)70,200
6- Medicinal treatment: 10,000
7- Salaries: (Manager/ Technical manager - 5 hands)8,000
8- Packing and transport:5,000
Total Operating Expenses139,228

One sees that feeding (water plus solid animal feeding) represents 56% of operating costs.

Therefore, the operation's bottom line would be positive and generate profit only if that section is under control, which means that the utilization of local made animal feed would be better than imported one. Management should do everything possible to have full control on feed supply from local source. Africabiz deliveries in brackets [21, 25, 26, 27] considered the problem of animal feeding.

In most sub-Saharan African cities (except South Africa) one chicken egg (weighting in average 3.5 gr.) is sold out of "plant" at around ten cents (.10 US$). Therefore the operation's total eggs sale over 12 months would be in the range of: [1,209,000 gr. divided by 3.5 and multiplied by .10] = 34,542 US$.

However, as here exposed the layers will be reaching full egg's production after 18 months and egg's production level would be amounting to ten times the production level obtained in 12 months. That is 12, 901 metric tons.

Therefore, the operation would be yielding in 18 months period around US$ 340,000 US$ for eggs production only.


Currently, in sub-Saharan African countries, the selling price of chicken parts imported from Europe is around US$ 3 per kg. Taking the production level of broilers (40,000) after one year of operation as above explained one sees that the cost of production per kg is a bit lower than US$ 3 (three) - considering the revenues generated by egg's production.

The production cost (per broiler) would be far below US$ 3 after 18 months of operation the production level standing at 60,000 broilers (from Baby Broilers chicks) over 18 months of operation, in addition to [10,240 X 270 days (assuming 75% yield)] = 3, 686,400 eggs or 12,901 metric tons of eggs - assuming that each egg weights in average 3.5 gr.

Please remark that at the beginning of the 19th month, the number of laying birds will dwindle to 10,240 units as layers had performed the 12 months' laying cycle and should be reformed as Broilers.

Therefore, one sees that in spite of the unfair competition exercised by import from Europe, there are opportunities throughout the continent to establish medium-scale chicken breeding companies to cater for national demands provided that operators take necessary managerial and production decisions to control costs of production.

- POSSIBILITY TO SETUP 30,000 MEDIUM-SCALE CHICKEN BREEDING OPERATIONS ALL OVER AFRICA

In short, considering information available in several deliveries [66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71], a medium-scale chicken breeding operation would generate a yearly revenue in the bracket of US$ 580,000 to US$ 600,000 (eggs + broilers + reformed layers).

And due to untapped existing chicken meat market in Africa amounting to US$ 20 billions, one is entitled to deduct that it is possible to establish 30,000 medium-scale chicken breeding operations in sub-Saharan African countries that would generate direct jobs to 150,000 workers and 30,000 managers.

MORE ON FOWL BREEDING
1- Poultry Breeding and Genetics
by R.D. Crawford
2- The Dollar Hen: The Classic Guide to American Free-Range Farming
by Milo M. Hastingd, Robert Plamondon
3- Small-Scale Poultry-Keeping: A Guide To Free-Range Poultry Production
by Ray Feltwell
4- The Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition
by M.F. Fuller, et al
5-
The Mating and Breeding of Poultry
by Harry M. Lamon, Rob R. Slocum
6- Modern Livestock and Poultry Production
by James R. Gillespie

7- Success With Baby Chicks: A Complete Guide to Hatchery Selection
by Robert Plamondon
8- The Classic Guide To Poultry Nutrition:
Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, Gamebirds, and Pigeons
by Gustave F. Hauser
9- The Strange History of The Ostrich
In Fashion, Food and Fortune
by Rob Nixon
10- Ostrich's Avian Incubation: Behaviour, Environment and Evolution
by D. Charles Deeming

Adobe Acrobat Reader is available here
Locations of visitors to this page

- Interested parties - private African and international investors / companies, government agencies, international development agencies - to make contact through the Free Access Support Console available at this link

Contact through the support console will get quickest reply from Africabiz Online's staff, than contact by emails. Click here for contact information. Be advised that first contact should be through the support console to be followed by phone calls. If you are a VIP-Member, use VIP-Members Support Console available here.
Before you consult please click here to review this clarification

Support Africabiz Online
AFRICA'S DYNAMIC NEWS HEADLINES

COUNTRIES BRIEFS

SEARCHING FOR SUCCESS IN HOME BUSINESS?
YOU NEED A COMPUTER & THE RIGHT KNOWLEDGE & TIPS

Click Here to Download Free eBooks for Successful Home Business