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AFRICABIZ VOL 1 - ISSUE: 70
FEBRUARY 15 - MARCH 14, 2005
Previous Issue
Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
editor@africabiz.org
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Countries Briefs
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- A KINGDOM ON THE MAKING IN AFRICA?

The man who ruled unchallenged the west African country of Togo since 1967, president Egnasigbe Eyadema, died on February 5, 2005. Rumors had it for many months that he was sick. He apparently died of heart attack.

Doubtless, his death opens a new era for Togo. It signals also the end of peculiar political relationships between some African rulers and the former colonial power - France.

Eyadema seized power in two steps. He led in 1963 a bloody coup and personally physically eliminated the first Togo's elected president Sylvanus Olympio. He staged another one in 1967 to remove from power president Nicolas Grunitsky, who succeeded Sylvanus Olympio. He then acutely managed to stay on Togolese political stage for 38 years nonstop.

Past century's last decade had been a difficult one for him and for Togolese people. The opposition parties staged strikes and civil disobedience throughout the 1990's to obtain the establishment of the multi-party system. They won and the multi-party system was written into 1992's Constitution.

However, Eyadema used his political cunning to survive and continued ruling with his party The Rally for the Togolese People - RPT - as if nothing changed. He played astutely with the rivalry amongst the contenders, who, one way or another (except for Gilchrist Olympio - the son of the president who led Togo into independence in 1960) had been partners to ruling the country before adopting the clothes of opponents.

Just after the announcement of his death by the prime minister on the evening of February 5, 2005, his son Faure Eyadema had been co-opted by the Military to replace his father in flagrant violation to the Constitution, which states that the president of the national assembly should be the acting president for the 60 days necessary to organize a new presidential election.

To avoid the probable boycott of the international community - the African Union in particular, that is against coups - the members of parliament voted on February 6, 2005 to remove the president of the Assembly Fambare Natchaba Ouattara and confirm the choice of the Military.

- EYADEMA'S LEGACY

The deceased president left a deeply divided country. His clan mostly made of Northerners exercised dictatorship power over the Southerners for four decades running.

Now, the destitution of the president of the national assembly (a Northerner who was also a pillar of the regime) is a telling sign of the dissension existing amongst the political heirs.

The near future should tell if Togolese people would accept a monarchy under the cover of a formal republic.


The simple truth is that it will not be an easy task for those attempting to impose Faure Eyadema to mend fences with the main opposition parties.

Indeed,
the Union of the Forces for Change (UFC), the Action Committee for Renewal (CAR) and Democratic Convention for African People (CPDA) would not certainly make the task easy for them participating in a flawed political reconciliation dialogue.

The UFC for instance would not accept the exclusion of his leader Gilchrist Olympio from the new political process. Gilchrist Olympio lives in forced exile. He had been denied entry into Togo by the authorities since 1998.

As far as the economy is concerned, the legacy of the deceased president is negative as shown by the table below:

Years1970-'801980-'901990-'002000-05
Average Growth rate 3%6%1%3;1*
per Capita GNP - US$390520280310*
* For year 2003

One sees the per Capita Gross National Product (GNP) evolution remained stagnant during four decades running under Eyadema's rule. The economy never took off to creating riches for all and jobs to cope with demand.

Eyadema ruled for 38 years and his son took over as soon as he died. Imagine he lives to his father age. That will make nearly 70 years of Eyademas' monarchy under a formal republic of Togo with no guarantee for an harmonious developing of Togo.


Africa does not need to add scares to the pandemic AIDS disease, which is killing millions and acting as a destructuring factor in score of countries. In the contrary, Africa needs to embark in a sustainable development process that creates riches for all and jobs to cope with demands.

African people in any single African country are eager to have access to electricity, clean water, schools, universities and Medicare. They want free speech and free movement in and out.

That cannot be acquired with the assistance of rulers who does not care like the Eyademas. These bad rulers are "a huge blot to Africa's record" as declared on February 6, 2005 Archbishop Desmond Tutu speaking of Zimbabwe's Mugabe.

The international community - under the supervision of the United Nations' Security Council - has the right to interfere into the affairs of any country, which rulers are vampires sucking the blood of the nations they are in charge of. Click to read about: Enough is Enough. The Right to Interfere.

Your feedback / objection / contribution is welcome. Visit WorldWide BizCenter, and choose General Information (as topic) to create a thread for discussion. On the top of the WorldWide BizCenter page, there is a HELP link to assist you making an efficient use of the discussion board. This link also is useful

Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on March 15, 2005.

Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ

Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA


- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.


a- SHEA BUTTER (5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
b- BLUE GOLD (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (20, 21, 22 and here)
d- KENAF (23, 24)
e- VEGETABLE OIL (25, 26, 27, 28)
f- CEREALS (30, 31, 32, 33)
g- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)
i- ROOTS & TUBERS (54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64)
j- FOWL BREEDING (66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71

- FOWL BREEDING AS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY: PART VI - INVESTMENT BRIEFS ABOUT A MEDIUM SCALE POULTRY BREEDING OPERATION

In spite of the unfair competition exercised by import from Europe, there are opportunities throughout the continent to establish chicken breeding companies to cater for national demands provided that operators take necessary managerial and production decisions to control costs of production.

To establish the breeding stock, one needs to purchase "one" day old Baby chicks, which are fragile animals. You may acquire Robert Plamondon's book titled: Success with baby chick that provides all information for a successful breeding operation. This website also provide information and sell baby chicks. And this one gives an idea of the cost of purchasing "one" day or baby chicks. French speaking people may found useful information on an existing operation right here.

In a previous delivery, briefs were outlined about chicken breeds suitable for tropical areas

An efficient chicken breeding operation in any African country cannot be specialized in a unique production like in developed countries where operations use to breed either only broilers or layers. An operation that intends to supply an African community should cover the whole demand of the population that is to provide broilers and eggs, which means that the operation should breed a mixture of broilers and layers as here explained

The investment amount below outlined concerned an operation that would produce: 1- Broilers weighting in average 2 kg ; 2- Reformed Layers that weight in average 2,5 kg and 3- Big and small caliber Eggs. Here you can read more about the breeding period from Baby Chick to Fat chicken ready for slaughterhouse.

The production level standing at 60,000 broilers (from Baby Broilers chicks) over 18 months of operation, in addition to [10,2400 X 270 days (assuming 75% yield)] = 3, 686,400 eggs or 12,902 metric tons of eggs - assuming that each egg weights in average 3.5 gr.


Items
(US$ x 1,000)
INVESTMENT

1- Land and buildings: Land acquisition and preparation, broilers breeding park, layers breeding park, warehouse, water well, water tower. Etc.

144

2- Processing Equipment: Immersing water pump, power generator (12 SKVA), equipment for broilers, equipment for layers, a pick-up van, an atomizer. Etc.

105

3- Other Equipment: Electrical bulbs, plastic boxes, handling equipment, sprayers, offices equipment, miscellaneous

20

4- Starting expenses: Feasibility study / Business Plan - startup technical assistance (for three months).

10

Total investment

279

In next delivery we shall thoroughly consider operating expenses needed to managing a medium scale chicken breeding operation that produces broilers and eggs and deliver up to 50,000 birds per year.

MORE ON FOWL BREEDING
1- Poultry Breeding and Genetics
by R.D. Crawford
2- The Dollar Hen: The Classic Guide to American Free-Range Farming
by Milo M. Hastingd, Robert Plamondon
3- Small-Scale Poultry-Keeping: A Guide To Free-Range Poultry Production
by Ray Feltwell
4- The Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition
by M.F. Fuller, et al
5-
The Mating and Breeding of Poultry
by Harry M. Lamon, Rob R. Slocum
6- Modern Livestock and Poultry Production
by James R. Gillespie

7- Success With Baby Chicks: A Complete Guide to Hatchery Selection
by Robert Plamondon
8- The Classic Guide To Poultry Nutrition:
Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, Gamebirds, and Pigeons
by Gustave F. Hauser
9- The Strange History of The Ostrich
In Fashion, Food and Fortune
by Rob Nixon
10- Ostrich's Avian Incubation: Behaviour, Environment and Evolution
by D. Charles Deeming

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