Dear visitor and international investor,
If this is your first visit
to AFRICABIZ ONLINE Monthly Issue - The
ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 48 sub-Saharan African countries
- we warmly welcome you. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.
Since April 12, 2004 our news URLs are:
1- The Consulting Website: http://businessafrica.net
2- Africabiz Online:
3 - The Electronic Marketplace: http://businessafrica.net/bizboard/
Africabiz' websites have plenty of Bandwidth to cope with the increasing flow
of visitors. You are invited to make use of the Electronic marketplace to post
offers of services and goods. Visit
here for more on the Electronic Marketplace.
WTO INTERIM RULING ON COTTON SUBSIDIES IS A FALSE VICTORY
April 26, 2004, a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel ruled U.S. cotton subsidies
violate international trade rules. The decision hands a potentially major victory
to developing countries about the problem of subsidies granted by the international
trading major players - the United States of America and the European Union -
to American and European producers of agricultural products; particularly to cotton's
growers. Remember, the subsidies' issue was one of the main reason Cancun WTO
Round of Negotiations (September 10-14, 2003) collapsed.
Could one consider
WTO interim ruling a true victory for developing countries? Or is it a false victory?
Click here to review
Africabiz Online's opinion: There Is No Reason To Exult About WTO Ruling
Against Cotton' Subsidies.
are here to review. Your contribution on "How African countries
/ entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.
Many thanks for dropping by and see
you here on June 15, 2004.
Dr. B.M. Quenum
Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.
SHEA BUTTER ( 5,
b- BLUE GOLD ( 14,
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN ( 20,
KENAF ( 23,
e- VEGETABLE OIL ( 25,
f- CEREALS ( 30,
g- FRUITS (34,
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47,
i- ROOTS & TUBERS 54,
TROPICAL ROOTS AND TUBERS: (VII) - B-
potato, and sweet potato rank
among the top 10 food crops produced in developing countries. Sub-Saharan
Africa - SSA - is expected to experience the fastest growth in food demand
for all roots and tubers, largely driven by rapid population's growth. SSA
share in the total demand for developing countries will be 53 percent, with cassava
accounting for two-thirds of the increase.
Here are listed four processed cassava's products, which highlight the fact
that cassava could be an important components - an Economic Catalyst -
to the Integrated Economic
Development Scheme. Briefs on the preparation of fresh cassava prior to the
production of chips and pellets are
reported here. Operating conditions to producing
cassava ships on a small-scale basis are posted here. The following link dealt
briefs to producing cassava floor with small-scale industrial units. Each
unit can create 60 jobs or 60,000 jobs if 1,000 units are installed. That is a
lot for rural areas in a developing country.
Starting from Issue
60, four deliveries (A - Introduction
B- Market C - Plantation's creation and D - Medium-scale industrial production
unit) deal with the production of a granulated cassava flour that is a popular
food in Africa: GARI
B- GARI'S MARKET IN AFRICA
Gari is a granulated,
white or yellowish product - depending on production methods. It has 10 to 15%
moisture content that permits a long conservation (up to one year) in normal atmospheric
conditions. It has a high swelling capability and can absorb up to 4 times its
volume in water. It is a popular diet eaten in may flavors:
- In sugared water. |
- With groundnuts and sugar, in water.
in pasta with hot water and eaten with a variety of sauces (vegetable, meats,
- As supplement to beans' preparations and a variety of sauces.
supplements provides by Gari are reported here The
main consumption's area in Africa covers Nigeria, Benin, Togo and Ghana. The
other actual Africa's consumption markets (Niger, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea,
Chad, Gabon, Congo, Cameroon) are marginal. Click
here for Countries' Briefs
In the main consumption area, 80% of
the populations eat Gari on a daily basis (together with maize flour
in Benin and Togo). The remaining portion of the populations (20%) eat
Gari twice per week. (Source: Africabiz's market analysis).
intake per person and per day averaging 100 gr. (Source: Africabiz's Prefeasibility
Study for the Development of Cassava Production in Africa - 2002 and reference
to this study by Mr. Saliou Ousmane).
Based on above findings Table
below gives a conservatory evaluation about the actual Gari's Market (Metric Tons)
in the main consumption area (Nigeria, Benin, Togo and Ghana):
(MT x 1,000 - Year 2003)||76.789||3.310||2.775||9.760|
of fresh cassava used to produce Gari||70.602||3.160||2.385||9.309|
x 1,000 - (Year 2003)||150.474||6.
B x 80% x 100gr. x 365 days - (MT)||4.393.841||196.720||148.482||579.386|
x 20% x 100gr. x 52 weeks x 2- (MT)||312.985||14.013||10.577||41271|
consumption of Gari (MT)||4.706.826||210.733||159.059||620.657|
on the varieties of cultivars, the theoretical
Gari's yield per kg of fresh Cassava varies from 18% to 36% (17 cultivars
tested). That is an average of 24.1%. In reality, due to traditional production's
methods (the most practiced actually), Gari's yield per kg of fresh Cassava is
in the range of 15% to 16% (See Line A-bis on above Table).
the current production of Gari is lower than the potential
one as shown on Table below, in case a quantity equal to the current total
production of cassava is industrially processed for export to other African
and international markets:
Cassava Production (Year 2003) x 1,000 (MT)||76.789||3.310||2.594||9.294|
Gari's Production Level (24.1% yield) x 1,000 (MT)||18.506||797||625||2.240|
B- MONETARY EVALUATION OF GARI'S MARKET Adobe
Acrobat Reader is available here
Gari's market in the main consumption area above outlined gives a total of
5,697,275 metric tons (produced by traditional methods) per annum - for
a population of 186,138,000 people. At the average current pricing of Gari in
the area (US$
180 per metric tons "ex-works") that production amount represents
a market value of US$ 1,025.460 billion.
Owing to the fact that
production's yield of cassava plantations in the main consumption area are in
the range of 11
to 12 metric tons per hectare, one could imagine the huge potential existing
if cultivars producing up to 45 metric tons per hectare of fresh cassava are promoted
and cultivation techniques improved (seedling, pest control and fertilization).
above remarks in mind and comparing figures in line
E of Table about actual consumption and the one in the last line of previous
table (about the potential Gari's production level), one sees that there is a
margin to increasing the production of Gari in the main consumption area for export
markets to garnering substantial foreign exchanges revenues.
considering first, the "readiness" of the flour to be used as diet's
complement (for a variety of African sauces and cooking); and, second, the long
conservation's period (up to one year in dried and normal atmospheric conditions)
- it is possible to expand the consumption's area to covering Central, Eastern
and Southern African countries.
Taking into account the population
level in sub-Saharan Africa (680 million people in 2003) one calculates there
is a huge Gari market in Africa. A minimum of 20 millions metric tons of Gari
per year for a minimal market value (ex-works) of US$ 3,750 billions.
- Interested parties - private African and international investors /
agencies - to make contact through the Free Access Support Console available at this link
Contact through the support console will get quickest reply from Africabiz Online's staff, than contact by emails. Click here for contact information. Be advised that first contact should be through the support console to be followed by phone calls. If you are a VIP-Member, use VIP-Members Support Console available here.
Before you consult please click
here to review this clarification