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AFRICABIZ VOL 1 - ISSUE: 55
NOVEMBER 15 - DECEMBER 14, 2003
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Editor: Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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A WORD FROM THE EDITOR


Dear visitor and international investor,


We warmly welcome you, if this is your first visit to Africabiz Online - The ultimate newsletter on trading and investing in 49 sub-Saharan African countries. If you are a regular and faithful reader, welcome back.

- NEW URL FOR AFRICABIZ WEBSITES

For efficient management purposes, the URL to AFRICABIZ various websites had been modified as from end of October 2003. New URsL read as follows:

1- Africabiz Consulting / Dr. Quenum and Associates:
http://businessafrica.net

2- AFRICABIZ Online:
http://businessafrica.net/africabiz/ezine/home.php

3- AFRICABIZ Forum / The Electronic MarketPlace:

http://businessafrica.net/bizboard/

- TUBERS AND ROOTS AS ECONOMIC CATALYSTS

This delivery' s business opportunities section (scroll down to view) is in line with the article about: Industrialization is the recipe to creating jobs and wealth in African countries. The listed products obtained from fresh cassava give leads to undertaking industrialization programs in African countries.

Click here to read about
: Organization makes the difference between poverty and prosperity.


- Contributor's Guidelines are here to review. Your contribution on "How African countries / entrepreneurs could bridge the developing gap" is welcome.

Many thanks for dropping by and see you here on December 15, 2003.


Dr. B.M. Quenum

Editor of AFRICABIZ
Contact Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN AFRICA

- Several business opportunities - component parts of the Integrated Developing Scheme described in Africans, Stop Being Poor! are listed in following table.

a- SHEA BUTTER (Issues 5, 6, 7, 11, 12, 13)
b- BLUE GOLD (Issues 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19)
c- FREEZE-DRIED PAPAIN (Issues 20, 21, 22 and here)
d- KENAF (Issues 23, 24)
e- VEGETABLE OIL (Issues 25, 26, 27 and 28)
f- CEREALS (Issues 30, 31, 32, 33)
g- FRUITS (34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46)
h- ESSENTIAL OILS (47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52)
i- ROOTS & TUBERS 54)

- INTRODUCTION TO TROPICAL ROOTS AND TUBERS: II - ROOTS AND TUBERS ARE ECONOMIC CATALYSTS

Cassava, potato, and sweet potato rank among the top 10 food crops produced in developing countries. Sub-Saharan Africa - SSA - is expected to experience the fastest growth in food demand for all roots and tubers, largely driven by rapid population's growth. SSA share in the total demand for developing countries will be 53 percent, with cassava accounting for two-thirds of the increase.

The series, which
started with last delivery, deals with the processing of the raw material.. Cultivation techniques and particularities are not considered. Here available is a report on how to develop Cassava as a strategic crop.

Rare are industrial concerns established in SSA countries that transform Cassava into value added products - as reported in the diagram available here. Below listed are four processed cassava's products, which highlight the fact that cassava could be an important components - an Economic Catalyst - to the Integrated Economic Development Scheme:

- CASSAVA CHIPS AND PELLETS


PELLETS: Cassava dried pellets are used as substitute to cereals in livestock feed formulation to lower the cost of animal feed's production. Therefore, to conquer animal feed's market, anywhere in the world, one should produce cassava pellets as least coast - cheaper than cereals when it reached the final destination. Other constraints are:

- The regularity of supply.
- The Moisture content that is the consistency in quality.

The production of dried cassava pellets can be carried out either with labor intensive operations - several thousand of transformers - or on industrial basis. The labor intensive option is excellent to fighting unemployment. However, strict operational instructions needed to obtaining consistencies in quality should be considered if the export market is the target. Click here for more on pellets and chips production.

Although Thais were not traditional eaters of cassava, Thailand's decision makers deliberately chose to develop - in the 1960's - cassava cultivation as a strategic crop for exports markets. They succeeded to conquering first European Union' market and second South East Asian one. African countries tried to follow suit but were not able to compete with Thailand, which shipped huge amount to overseas at competitive prices against cereals.

CHIPS: Cassava chip is an excellent appetizer. There is a huge market for it not only in developed countries but in Africa itself. Here, the production can be done only through industrial process because consistency in quality is the precondition to conquering customers.

Producing pellets and chips are opportunities not to be missed for African countries. Cassava pellets will help not only developing livestock's production, but can be used to produce glues and alcohol that are imported from abroad in most African countries
.

- CASSAVA STARCH

Starch is a multipurpose raw material in chemical industry. Cassava starch has advantage on cereals' starch:

- Greater viscosity.
- Resistance to shear stress.
- Resistance to freezing.

There are two main classes of starch-based products: 1- Unmodified or native starch. 2- Physical, chemical or biological Modified starches for industrial purposes to producing sweeteners, including high fructose syrup, glucose (dextrin, monosodium glutamate, pharmaceuticals.).For more on Cassava Starch click here

Developing a Cassava based starch industry is a sure recipe to establishing a strong chemical and food industries: baby foods, non-allergenic products and food for hospitalized persons. Modified cassava starch can compete with cereals' starches for sizing paper and textiles, producing glues and adhesives, sweeteners, nutriceucals dustings and disintegrating pills, bio-degradable products, butanol and acetone, explosives, and corrugated boxes. [Source]

- CASSAVA FLOUR

Wet cassava flour (attiekè in West Africa) or dried toasted cassava flour (farinha in Brazil, gari in West Africa) are popular human food staples.. Both kinds of flour are traditionally produced from fresh cassava at home or at village level. Farinha is produced in Brazil on small and large-scale operations.

Gari and Attieke production on large industrial basis is an economic development opportunity for African countries. The market is huge as it concerns the whole African continent. Here available is an Adobe PDF document about Cassava's potential market in Nigeria alone. You may need Adobe Acrobat Reader.

- CASSAVA ALCOHOL:

Biomass alcohol's production - from cereals, roots and tubers - is a cheaper alternative to capital intensive technology based on gas. Ethanol can be produced from starch based substrates - such as cassava, potatoes - instead of sugar based one - sugar cane, sweet sorghum for example.

Ethanol production from cassava represents an outstanding opportunity for African country to manufacturing a string of products, and by-products for the food industry, pharmaceuticals, paints, and glues.

MORE ON ROOTS AND TUBERS
1- Roots & Tubers Market in Qatar
2- Roots & Tubers Market in Europe
3- Food Security: In Sub-Saharan Africa
In Latin America and the Caribbean
4- Roots and Tubers: A Vegetable Cookbook
by Kyle D. Fulwiler
5-
Tuber Crops
by N. M. Nayar

6- Roots, Tubers, Plantains and Bananas in Animal Feeding
Proceedings of the Fao Expert Consultation Held in Ciat, Cali, Colombia 21-25 January 1991
7- Pest Management for Tropical Roots & Tubers Workshop on the Global Status of and Prospects
8- The Tropical Tuber Crops
Yam, Cassava, Sweet Potato, and Cocoyams by I. Chukuma Onwueme

Adobe Acrobat Reader is available here
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