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AN ESSENTIAL BOOK TO "UNDERSTAND" THE BACKWARDNESS STATE OF SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Click here for the beginning of the article
Observers of the world stage are puzzled by the developing backwardness state existing in sub-Saharan African countries (since the era of the independence) - when Asia and Americas had made substantial progress for better living conditions. They are puzzled and fazed because the continent does have everything to move forward and improve the living conditions of the populations.
Indeed, in spite of huge mineral natural resources and plenty of land (and water), the Black continent is still subject to famine and has the lowest per capita Gross National Product, which evolution is flat and in the range of US$ 500 - in average - since 50 year running.
Some observers had even ruled out the Black continent from the world progress and labeled it as doomed - for ever.
Millions of desperate Africans are in agreement with such statement, and are increasingly tempted to migrate to "greener pastures" in Europe and elsewhere in the world at large.
Most of the "pessimists" proclaim that Africans have an innate inferiority to organizing themselves, to master the environment in order to improving social and economic conditions.
Of course, we at Africabiz Online do not share that view as proved
by monthly deliveries since 1997 - that show the black continent is
the only virgin investment territory left for double-digit return on vested money.
I myself, the author of this current delivery had often been confronted with the pessimists cynical proclamation as above reported.
Obviously, these people are not well informed, and just convey a mainstream belief in European countries.
To provide argument and "correct"
that opinion, we, at Africabiz Online decided to bring to the attention of the
audience a book, written in 1972 and titled, "How
Europe Underdeveloped Africa."
The book put things back into perspective. It shows first that Africans are not less organized than any other people in the world, and, second that they should not be considered as the sole responsible for the backwardness state now existing in African countries.
Furthermore, facts exposed and opinions expressed in said book are now
fully substantiated by the the author of Confessions
of an Economic Hitman - as per above video.
Click here to read a review about "How Europe Underdeveloped Africa."
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BIOMASS ENERGY - PART III: - SOME INDICATIONS TO MANUFACTURING A SMALL-SCALE BIODIGESTER
On a small-scale basis, farm wastes put into a warmed, dampened and dark tank [that is anaerobic conditions] would produce: (1) methane / biogas; and (2) a good fertilizer. The owner / producer gets three products from agricultural wastes: a gas to heat and light the home and a fuel to generate electricity and power equipments and machine to operating projects available at following links: 27, 28, 85, 86, 87
A biodigester is essentially a heated tank into which manure and water slurry are directed. Oxygen is excluded to allow anaerobic bacteria to liquefy the volatile organic compounds in the mixture and then convert the resulting simple organic acids into a methane-rich biogas - a process analogous to that occurring in the rumen (the first stomach of a cow) in which vegetables intakes are broken down anaerobically by mixed microbial populations.
Right click and choose "Save As" to download a pdf file by Charlie Forst about an Horizontal Digester tank.
You can also visit this site and search for Biogas / Biodigester to gather technical information. Visit following link, to review construction details and photos to build your own small-scale biogas digester to power production on the farm.
If you prefer to buy instead a digester suited to your operation, visit Puxin Biogas- a Chinese manufacturing company that produces family-size biogas plants, biogas stove, and lamp. Etc.
|MORE ON BIOGAS ENERGY
|1- 21st Century Essential Guide to Methane and Biogas
Landfill Methane and Manure for Energy, AgStar Program, Recovery and Mitigation, Greenhouse Gas Emissions
by World Spaceflight News (CD-ROM - Mar 5, 2005)
2- Running a Biogas Program
by David Fulford
3- Biogas From Waste
by Dieter Deublein and Angelika Steinhauser (Hardcover - Apr. 18, 2008)
4- A Chinese Biogas Manual: Popularising Technology in the Countryside
by Ariane van Buren
5- The biogas handbook
by David House
6- Biogas: What It Is, How It Is Made, How to Use It
by Food and Agriculture Organization of the (Paperback - Jan 1985)
7- Biogas systems: Principles and applications
by K. M Mittal
The Indian NGOs' Experience
9- Landfilling of Waste: Biogas
by T. Christensen, T. H. Christensen, R. Cossu, and R. Stegmann (Hardcover - Jan 15, 1996)
10- Building a Better Biogas Unit
(Better Framing Series, No 32/F3028)
by Food and Agriculture Organization of the (Paperback - Jun 1987)
11- Winning Our Energy Independence
by S. David Freeman (Paperback - Sept. 7, 2007)
12- China, azolla propagation and small-scale biogas technology
Report on an FAO/UNDP study tour to the People's Republic of China
by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Paperback - 1978)
Control Your Desktop
HOW TO IMPROVE ADOBE ACROBAT READER / WRITER PERFORMANCE
Adobe PDF (Portable Document Format) is the standard for files distribution, sharing and collaboration over the Internet. Adobe pioneered the format and created Adobe Acrobat Reader (to read pdf files) and Adobe Acrobat Professional to read and write pdf files. Thanks to Adobe Acrobat Professional, pdf files are no more tombstone's documents. They can be exchanged with collaborators or sent to clients to be modified, amended and secured.
In short pdf files are nowadays a necessity and Adobe Acrobat Reader or Writer a must have. However, the acquisition's cost of the professional brand is in the range of several hundred bucks. Therefore, several other software makers had been attracted to the market and are striving to clip Adobe Corp's market share.
Thus, one has the choice to purchase several other brands that claim to be capable of making pdf files - at less cost - that are also compatible with Adobe Acrobat Professional.
The point is (from personal experience) that claim is a false statement for several Adobe Acrobat Professional's challengers.
If you opt for some of them, you may end up producing pdf files that could be opened and read only by people who have installed on their system the same pdf files' maker you used to produce the files. That is really annoying, as you cannot know in advance what your clients are using as pdf files' maker and handler because they are so many brands competing out there on the Internet!
In short, Adobe Corp does have an edge on the competition. They are the best to produce and handle pdf files.
However, you certainly noticed how bulky Adobe Acrobat Professional is. It may take ages to load on your system, and sometimes several minutes up to the hour to print (to pdf file) a bulky Microsoft word document.
That is also annoying if one is handling score of pdf files. Hence the absolute need for an enhancement to Adobe Acrobat Professional's performance - to save the day!.
Of The Month
NEED TONS OF SYNONYMS FOR AN ENGLISH WORD? MAKE USE OF MOBYSAURUS-THESAURUS
One need sometimes to recourse to synonyms to avoid the multiple occurrence of the same word in a text. There are out there several thesaurus applications that provide the writer with a handful of choices.
However, none matches Mobysaurus-Thesaurus, an amazing application that gives hundred of synonyms to a single English word, and makes it so much easier to choose the right word or words for every occasion or purpose. Further, the desktop application can lead you straight to online dictionaries to refine your choice.
Click following link for the programm site where you can download it
You have two options: (1) to use it as a freeware - without advertisement banners or (2) to purchase a licence (25 bucks) that gives you first a lifetime update to the software.
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