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Trading And Investing In & Out Africa

ISSUE 51 - VOL 1
JULY 15 - AUGUST 14, 2003

Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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Welcome to AFRICABIZ, Please scrolldown to see more

Welcome to AFRICABIZ HTML Email edition.Previous issue available at this link

Dear faithful reader,

THE LANDMARKS OF THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS OF THE HUMANITY

The march of the Humanity towards progress is marked by scientific discoveries and technological breakthroughs, which are landmarks in the quest for a better life style and well being. These landmarks overlap each other over a broad period of ages.

This delivery is not meant to recount the epic battles and struggles of the Humanity to survive adverse conditions over millenniums and prosper. Hundred of books have been written about the matter. This first part of this short delivery focuses on the following landmarks that span the last four centuries - a drop in the sea of ages:

- The Industrial Revolution.
- The Information Technology Revolution
- The Genetics Revolution.

Each of these revolutions is still running; interacting with each other. It is not possible to limit, in time-frame, their respective impact on the development process of the humanity.

The industrial revolution started in 1763 when John Anderson asked James Watt (1736-1819), to improve the performance of an early steam power engine called Newcomen engine. James Watt's works develop the steam power technology tremendously. And the utilization of the new energy boosts up the economies of the western European countries to the highest level recorded in human history. It helps these countries establish their domination on the rest of the world in social, economic and military achievements. Particularly the G-7 countries and their leader, the United States of America.

The industrial revolution led to the development of the Electronic Era, the so-called Information Technology revolution, which expansion started with the discovery of the personal computer in the 1970's.

And now the huge mathematical analysis power of computers is driving the astounding development of the Genetics Revolution through a multidisciplinary approach. The scientific communications made at the last International Congress On Genetics, July 7-11, 2003, Melbourne, Australia, attended by 3,000 delegates from more than 60 countries is testimony to the importance taken by genetics in our life.

And we are in agreement with the Australian born Medicine Nobel Prize winner, Professor Peter Doherty, that:" If we are to be responsible citizens, we must all learn more about genetics."

WHAT IS GENETICS?

It is everywhere in the media. Everyone heard or read about Genetics. Genetically modified crops, genetically modified foods, the sheep Dolly and human cloning. Controversial views abound. The debate is raging about the pros and the cons. Some are speaking of Frankenstein foods. Technology Protection System developed and patented by big players in the field of genetically modified seeds is branded Terminator technology by "Environmentalists" activists.

We will not take side in the row because as everything else in human life the Truth is scattered everywhere to be found. No one has is all. A bit of Truth is everywhere to be gathered. That is how one can try to reach the Truth. It is only a try, not an achievement because as human beings we cannot ever know about the hidden paths leading to the Truth. Our quest of the Truth, in any line of human undertaking, is "non-productive" because of several hindering factors: racial background, religious beliefs, knowledge background, economic activities - just to name the few.

Furthermore, let us not forget that the same kind of heated debates occurred during the early stages of the development of other revolutions' landmarks above briefly outlined. People were against the first railways and steam powered trains; against motor vehicles. Some people are even, nowadays, against computers.

However, the point is no one in the world can stop the scientific progress. The genius of the Genetics Revolution is out of the bottle since the day Mendel established the famous Mendel's (genetics) Laws. The only thing we can do now is to cope with the development of the genetics; harness and bridle Frankenstein deviations.

Indeed, the development of Genetics really started when Johan Gregor Mendel (1822-84), an Austrian biologist, botanist and monk, researched the inheritance characters in plants, especially edible peas (1866) to providing the basis for modern genetics. Recognition came many years after his death, when his key article, 'Experiments with plant hybrids' (published in 1866), was discovered by a German botanist, Karl Franz Joseph Erich Correns (1864-1933).

WHAT IS GENETICS REVOLUTION?


In an article titled: "Why double helix is the shape of things to come" in www.theage.com, dated July 7, 2003, Professor Peter Doherty wrote:

"Before Mendel, much was understood about the practicalities of breeding for improved characteristics. The cattle breeder Robert Bakewell used inbreeding to generate more productive livestock in 18 Th. century England. Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species in 1859, triggering the debate on natural selection and evolution that is still deeply offensive to some religious fundamentalists. Mendelian genetics, then the science of molecular genetics that began with the double helix, explained how both inbreeding and natural selection work."

The article of Professor Doherty available here to review is a short and concise summary on the works of the main researchers who, over one century and a half, made the history of Genetics. It gives a brief recount about the development of Molecular Genetics since the day, 50 years ago, when James D. Watson and Francis Crick worked out the double helix structure of DNA and solved the mechanistic problem of how organisms replicate themselves.

The pioneering works of James D. Watson and Francis Crick opened the way to the Genetics Revolution we are now experiencing:

- The Human Genetic Information Data's mapping and sequencing.
- The Animal cloning.
- The ongoing attempts to clone human beings.
- The transgenic manipulations of seeds and plants for yields' improvement and cultural conditions' enhancement.
- The diseases control through the detection, control and manipulation of responsible genes.
- The research for the construction of bio-computers. Etc.

AFRICA MUST EMBRACE THE GENETICS REVOLUTION

Africa did not participate to the development of the industrial revolution. It is striving now to be part of the Information Technology one. It should not miss the opportunity to be a player in the Genetics Revolution. Emerging countries like India and China understood the challenge and are taking necessary steps not to be let aside. Africa can and must do the same.

Professor Doherty said: "Double helix is the shape of things to come...If we are to be responsible citizens, we must all learn more about genetics."

The above short listed consequences of the Genetics Revolution proves that Professor Doherty is right. Genetics will be the driving force for the economic development in this 21 Th. century. Every field of human activities is concerned: Agriculture, Industry, Services, Health, Education, Leisure.

Africa's decision makers will do a good job taking the necessary steps to pave the way for African countries to enter the revolution of the century. Otherwise, Africa will be blew off; let aside for good and remain under the political, economic and social domination of the western European countries and the United States of America.

Issue 52 will further consider "How Africa Could Enter the Genetics Revolution And Bridge The Developing Gap."
.

MORE ON GENETICS
1- Thompson Genetics In Medicine
By Robert L., MD
2- Medical Genetics
By Lynn B. Jorde & Al
3- DNA - The Secret of Life
By James D. Watson
4- Genetic Programming
On the programming of computers
by means of Natural Selection
By John R. Koza
5- Seeds of Contention
World Hunger And The Global Controversy Over GM Crops
By Per Pinstrup-Andersen
6- The Politics Of Precaution
Genetically Modified Crops In Developing Countries
By Robert L. Paalberg
7- Community Genetics
In Developing Countries
Symposium, Bengalore, India, January 2002
By A.H. Bittles
8- The Convention of Biological Diversity
And Developing Countries
By G. Kristin Rosendal
9- Becoming Immortal
Combining Cloning and Stem-Cell Therapy
By Stanley Shostak
10- Genetics in Medicine
By Robert L;, Md. Nussbaum and Al;
11- Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement
By S. Mohan Jain.
12- Dynamic News Headlines On Genetics.
On AFRICABIZ Online

IN IVORY COAST THE NATIONAL ARMY AND THE REBELS DECIDED TO BURY THE WAR HATCHET

On July 4, 2003, the "Loyalists" - in other words the remain of the former national Army of Ivory Coast, which backed the government of President Laurent Gbagbo since the failed coup of September 19, 2002 - and the Army of the Rebels, which challenged Gbagbo's power, decided, unexpectedly and suddenly , to bury the war hatchet. Click here to read more


"CONTRIBUTOR'S GUIDELINES" are available here. We invite you to contribute to AFRICABIZ ONLINE MONTHLY ISSUE - with articles related to "How Africa Could Bridge The Developing Gap".

Many thanks for subscribing to Africabiz. See you on August 15, 2003.

Dr. B.M. Quenum
Click here for contact & support console



More on  Genetics


Business Opportunities

FLOWERS AND FRAGRANCE PLANTS AGRIBUSINESS AS INCOME BUILDING POWER FOR AN AFRICAN COMMUNITY / PART V: INDUSTRIAL SCALE PRODUCTION OF ESSENTIAL OILS - PRODUCTION ESTIMATES OF EXISTING PLANTATIONS IN MALAWI

The size of essential oils' market exposed in Issue 47 averages US$ 8 billion export a year and increases at the annual rate of 10.9%. Africa' share is less than 1% of that market. Doubtless, there is room for Africa to have a better portion of the cake and kill two birds with one stone.

Indeed, most sub-Saharan African countries suffer recurrent drought, which results in desertification of their territories. A well planned and carried out reforestation policy is the answer to the problem. Trees species, which are raw material to produce aromatic oils should be planted. The most promising speculations are essential oils from: Geranium, Citronella, Lemongrass or Sweet calamus, Eucalyptus. (See Issue 47 for briefs about said plants)

Once an essential oil industry set up in a sub-Saharan African country, it opens the way to develop other business opportunities: foods, cosmetics, detergent, pesticides, pharmaceuticals; and contribute to the Self-Inducing And Accelerating Impact Factor/ Synergetic Impact Factor to speeding up the economic development of said country.

The condition to develop essential oils' industry, on small, medium or large-scale basis, is of course the availability of the raw material. Agricultural development of the raw materials (plants, seeds, nuts here listed) used to produce essential oils are not considered in this delivery. People interested in the matter should refer to other sources for data and information. Only exposed are cultural technical information and investment data necessary to the setup of the industry.

In sub-Saharan African countries, Malawi is the one country that already has plantations of Eucalyptus (15,000 ha); Lemongrass (3,200 ha) and Citronella (2,800 ha).

- PRODUCTION ESTIMATES OF MALAWI'S PLANTATIONS

Let us consider an operation in Malawi to produce essential oils of Eucalyptus, Lemongrass and Citronella. Before the exposition of the investment amount required, we need to know more about the production's estimates of the various essential oil generating plants available in Malawi. Table below summarizes information available at following link:

PlantationsExisting
ha
To be used
ha
Raw material
Metric Tons
% Oil In MTIn Liters
Eucalyptus15,000 ha3009,6001%96109,464
Lemongrass3,200 ha3007,0000.4%2832,000
Citronella2,800 ha3007,0001%7078,000

In next issue 52 will be exposed investment data about an industrial scale operation to producing Eucalyptus, Geranium and Lemongrass essential oils based on production estimates above briefly outlined.

MORE ON ESSENTIAL OILS
1- Essential Oils Desk Reference
By Essential Science Publishing (Hardcover - Oct 2007)
2- The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy: Over 600 Natural, Non-Toxic and Fragrant Recipes
By Valerie Ann Worwood (Paperback - Mar 1, 1993)
3- The Essential Oils Book: Creating Personal Blends for Mind & Body
By Colleen K. Dodt (Paperback - Jan 3, 1996)
4- Essential Oils Pocket Reference 3rd Edition (Spiral Bound 2004, 3rd Edition) (Spiral-bound - 2004) - Unabridged
5- Releasing Emotional Patterns with Essential Oils
By Carolyn L. Mein (Paperback - Sep 1, 1998)
6- Essential Oils Integrative Medical Guide: Building Immunity, Increasing Longevity, and Enhancing Mental Performance
By D. Gary Young N.D. and Ronald M. Lawrence M.D. Ph.D. (Hardcover - April 1, 2003)
7- Quick Reference Guide for Using Essential Oils2006 10th Edition
By Connie and Alan Higley (Spiral-bound - 2006)
8- Magical Oils by Moonlight: Understand Essential Oils, Their Blends and Uses; Choose the Appropriate Day
By Maya Heath (Paperback - April 2004)

Adobe Acrobat Reader is available here

For more details on the international trade of Essential Oils visit following link

More on Malawi's plantations production estimates


Control Your Desktop

HOW TO RECOVER A PREVIOUS CONFIGURATION OF YOUR OPERATING SYSTEM

There are at least two situations in which you need to have back in place and performing the original installed drivers or Dynamic Library links (DLLs) of your system: 1- When you reinstall the operating system. 2- Or when you need to reverse to a previous configuration.

In each of said situations it is frustrating to search for, locate and reinstall hundred of original Windows drivers or DLLs

What you need to avoid such a painful undertaking is an utility, which backup Windows' original drivers or DLLs into a safe place on your harddisk

One such program, from JerMar Software Corp, is WinDriversBackup delivered in two flavors: 1- A freeware called Personal Edition,. 2- And a Pro version capable of doing the trick over a network.

Visit JerMar Software Corp's website and make your choice.


More on  configuration recovering


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