Africans-Stop-Being-Poor
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1563-4108

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Trading And Investing In & Out Africa

ISSUE 31- VOL 1
NOVEMBER 15 - DECEMBER 14, 2001

Dr. Bienvenu-Magloire Quenum
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Welcome to AFRICABIZ, Please scrolldown to see more

Welcome to AFRICABIZ HTML Email edition. Previous issue available at this link.

Dear faithful reader,

In last month delivery of AFRICABIZ ONLINE MONTHLY ISSUE we started a series on cereals and introduced Sorghum, a "Life Saver" according to a Chinese saying.

In this issue, we continue the series with a small scale pilot plant to producing sorghum beer to catch on a ready market available in most sub-Saharan African countries.

As we said "Any African country which is serious about boosting up its economy, should consider diversification into the sorghum development".

Sorghum will participate for a substantial share to the growth of the economy as industrial transformations resulting from sorghum are endless. For instance the development of breweries to producing sorghum beer - based on technology here briefly exposed - will help boost up the cultivation of corn and sorghum and therefore provide additional national market outlets for those two cereals.

"CONTRIBUTOR'S GUIDELINES" are available here. You are invited to contribute to AFRICABIZ ONLINE MONTHLY ISSUE - in accordance to specifics outlined in the Contributor's Guidelines.

Introduction to Sorghum as Income Building Power

Many thanks for subscribing to Africabiz. See you here next month on December 15.

Dr. B.M. Quenum
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Business Opportunities

READY MARKET FOR SORGHUM BEER IN ANY SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRY

Last month, in AFRICABIZ Online Monthly Issue N° 30 an introduction was made to another economic catalyst capable of acting as Income Building Power For An African Community : Sorghum.

In this issue of AFRICABIZ we consider a business opportunity based on the production of an African beverage / sorghum beer; on a small scale / pilot plant basis.

Sorghum beer is a popular traditional beverage in many sub-Saharan African countries. It is home made in country sides and consumed by rural and cities dwellers alike. However, since quite 40 years it had been more or less outclassed - in cities - by imported or locally made European barley / lager beer.

- Therefore a good industrially made sorghum beer, tasty as home made one, has a ready market in most sub-Saharan African countries; as a highly competitive product against European lager beer.

The technology to producing sorghum beer on industrial basis exists. The only problem for an entrepreneur interested to enter the brewing business of sorghum beer is the size of the potential market in his country.

To size up the market, in any African country, where the production of industrially manufactured sorghum beer does not exist yet (only Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa are current producers) an interested entrepreneur should start with a small scale / pilot plant.

- SMALL SCALE / PILOT PLANT CAPACITY

A pilot / small scale plant could be established with an output (at full capacity) of 2,400 liters of sorghum beer per day (3,200 bottles of 750 ml) capable of generating substantial revenues and profits - compared to the average production level achieved by most European lager beer plants operating throughout the continent: 40, 000 to 2,500,000 liters per day.

For 300 days per year / one shift, the pilot plant at full capacity will produce 720,000 liters per year of sorghum beer or 960,000 bottles of 750 ml. In case the market reacts positively, the establishment of a second shift of workers will help doubling the output.

Workforce - management included - is estimated at 15 people. The selling price - off plant / to distributors - of a bottle of 750 ml will be something in the range of 20 cents; and final selling price to consumer 26 cents (compared to other soft drinks and European beer pricing ranging from 32 to 56 cents for bottles of 50 ml); and the selling price of the wastes (suitable for animal feed) US $ 66 per metric tons.

Based on all indications above outlined we have the following Gross Profit table:

Items
Amount (US$)
INVESTMENT

Main equipment; storage tank; packaging, vehicle etc.

120,000

Preliminary expenses (technical assistance to set up the pilot plant; business plan; etc.)

75,000

Operational funds (3 months)
13,749
Total investment
208,749
TURNOVER
960,000 (bottles) x .20 US $
192,000
65 (metric tons of wastes) x 66 US $
4,290
Total Turnover
196,290
OPERATING COSTS

Total Salaries

8,500

Other Operating Costs
140,850
Total Operating Costs
149,350
GROSS PROFIT

Total Gross Profit

46,940


More on sorghum beer


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From time to time it may happen that Windows does not comply to the normal process of START / Shut Down. Sometimes the process does not go to the final stage and stops to the Windows "flag" screen. And when that happens there is no other way than restarting Windows through Ctrl + Alt / Delete.

Windows then starts the "lengthy" disk scanning process and loads the operating system again when the scanning is terminated. Afterwards Start / Shut down effectively closes down Windows. This occurs more than often with Windows 98.

In search for a way to bypassing the annoying scanning period, I found out that instead of going through the classic START / Shut Down it is better to perform:

1 - Ctrl + Alt / Delete
2 - Choose / highlight Explorer in the Close Program panel
3 - And choose "End Task" and not "Shut down"
4 - The normal Shut Down Windows panel appears.
5 - Make sure that Shut down is selected and click OK.

That way of shutting down Windows 9x works better if you close down ("End Task") some of the programs listed in the Close Program panel (which appears with Ctrl + Alt / Delete) before hitting Shut Down.

More on how to improve your system stability


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